Glaser - Chapter 1 The Puzzles of Southern Realignment I...

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Chapter 1: The Puzzles of Southern Realignment I. What has impeded Republican progress and how the Democrats have held back the future II. V.O. Key and the Politics of the Old South III. One of V.O. Key’s arguments are that the nature of the party system rested on the power of racial issues IV.The Solid South was white supremacist and solidly Democratic V. Class issues were kept off the political agenda VI.Civil rights movement and changes in the economy changed southern politics permanently VII. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 the racial polarization began, although it was not complete, both parties became distinguishable on racial issues VIII. Black’s full entry into the political system and inevitably into the Democratic party put white Democratic politicians in a new and different situation IX.The Puzzle of Mixed Republican Success X. The growing strength of Republicanism is apparent in the partisan affiliations of southerners over time (see figure 1.1) XI.As of 1992 Republicans have come to compromise 35% of the southern population XII. Democrats losses have been marked by dramatic dips in popularity and mild recoveries rather than a steady decline XIII. Since 1968, with the exception of Jimmy Carter in 1976, Republicans have overwhelmingly dominated the presidential contest XIV. From the 1950’s through 1994 Democrats still held a large advantage in congressional seats XV. 1994 Republicans gain a small majority in the House and Senate XVI. Why in the Reagan-Bush years, a period of popular Republican administrations, were Republicans not very successful in winning congressional elections especially when they had the best chance during special elections when seats opened up? XVII. The period of Republican mixed success is perplexing XVIII. The Puzzle of Race and Realignment XIX. Many link the Republican growth to racial issues and to the steady flow of southern whites to a Republican party that best represents their conservative views on race XX. Only a small minority of southern whites cling to segregationist views yet racial attitudes have become informed by conservative ideology XXI. Southern whites in particular continue to be rather hostile to black political, economic and social progress according to the questionnaire in table 1.1 XXII. The Democratic party has changed sides on issues of race, Southern Democrats and Southern Republicans now vote very differently on civil rights issues (see table 1.2) the parties thus have become markedly different in the eyes of southern voters
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XXIII. Conservatism and several popular Republican administrations did not give the Republicans the advantage on might expect in lower-level elections, race did not appear to be giving Republicans the lower-level advantage one would expect Chapter 2:The Case of Context I. The racial balance in which a congressional election takes place leads candidates of the two parties to campaign in certain ways and with certain messages II. The more heavily black the southern county, the more racially conservative white
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Glaser - Chapter 1 The Puzzles of Southern Realignment I...

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