woodard10 - Chapter 10 I In Chapter 10 of Woodards Book the...

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Chapter 10 I. In Chapter 10 of Woodard’s Book, the original list of six southern distinctions is expanded to include some not so apparent aspects of life in the southern culture. Collectively their influence on politics may be as important as the earlier ones. II. Things that compose the southern subculture Influence are as follows: A. The Congressional Legacy B. The Southern Military Tradition C. The Confederate Flag Controversy D. Southern Womanhood III. The Congressional Legacy: A. In the U.S. House and Senate, Southerners have traditionally supervised important committees and controlled the flow of legislation. B. Southerners have mastered legislative procedure and have used that knowledge to their advantage to curb institutional change C. John C. Calhoun (South Carolina) developed his Nullification theory to shield southern minority rights in congress. D. Henry Clay (Kentucky) used his legislative skills to protect his slave state. Clay was a master of legislative Statecraft and knew how to use the rules to force agreements. E. Southern politicians success is derived from their skill of using position to help their home region. F. Southern domination of legislature began early, in December of 1846 when the senate instituted a new way of selecting committee chairs. The new method was based on experience and tenure in a specific committee. This favored the south and operated to give senators from slaveholding states the chairmanship of every committee that controls the public business of government. G. Seniority on a committee, defined as the number of years served continuously, would determine the ascent to leadership regardless of the members relationship with the speaker. The effect of the change was to make committee chairs more powerful, and reward seniority. H. In the U.S House, a southerner has chaired the appropriations committee every year since 1965-70% of the time. Southerners have led the ways and means committee half the time since 1950. I. Because southerners had little chance of winning national office, they invested themselves in mastering the rules of parliamentary procedure, seniority, and legislative precedent in Congress. J. Originally the power was with southern republicans, but after 1980, and especially after 1994, power switched to conservative southern republicans.
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K. Richard Russell, Chairman of the Armed Services Committee, led the South. His knowledge of the rules and his seniority allowed him to keep threatening
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woodard10 - Chapter 10 I In Chapter 10 of Woodards Book the...

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