Exam 2 - Lecture 10/20/09: Blooms Outbidding Theory I....

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Lecture 10/20/09: Bloom’s Outbidding Theory I. Terrorist Organizations as Political Parties A. Most leaders of terrorist organizations are interested in holding on to their political power once the conflict ends B. Many terrorist organizations shift to party politics. As a result, there is a need to mobilize constituencies C. Among communities which support suicide attacks such operations can become a strong tool for mobilization II. Bloom’s theory is only applicable to one case study A. In her book she can’t use her theory for any other cases but the Palestinian case III. Oslo, what did they try to achieve? A. No one lived up to the agreements IV. Palestine terrorist organizations also political parties – during 2 nd intifada they are trying to get the people to support them A. Get support by employing terrorist attacks so they keep doing it B. Fata didn’t used to do terrorist attacks, it was against their policy – when the people start to support attacks then the PLO starts employing attacks to get support Film “Paradise Now”/Discussion Notes I. Individual Approach A. Said – father collaborated with Israelis i. Motivated by obligation to remove stain from his family ii. Treason in family – ultimate break of trust between individual and community/state iii. Most significant element iv. Every intelligence agency recruiting collaborators a. Exploit weaknesses of people v. Bad reputation can go back for many generations – he feels like it is his duty to clear his family name a. Community rewards him with title Shaheed – family goes from nothing to very high B. Suhah – father head of resistance group, she comes from abroad and is welcomed because of what father did i. Community doesn’t believe in her peace initiatives but still welcome her because of what father did ii. She is a complete foreigner and they have not idea who she is but she is still being treated well iii. Contrast from Sa’eed C. Holid – main motivation is father i. Father tortured by Israeli soldiers ii. Humiliation iii. Hard for soldiers – they don’t just torture on a whim, they have to follow orders a. From perspective of community – have occupying force in their land and they feel like they become very insignificant and become victim of the circumstances –
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have to become dependent on good will of the soldiers who may only be 18 or 19 b. Tribal communities – very paternalistic People going into your territory and inflicting pain on the leader of the family iv. Humiliation – dehumanizing the enemy a. Soldiers perceived as inhumane – dehumanizing so that you do whatever it takes to get them out b. Reaction between humiliation and hatred v. Holid has two other motivations a. Doesn’t have anything to look forward to (hopelessness and helplessness) b. Fascinated by social status that is being associated with becoming a martyr c. Blow up Israeli cinema – only place where they can still have fun, want to ruin it vi. Religion not a huge factor
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Exam 2 - Lecture 10/20/09: Blooms Outbidding Theory I....

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