pedahzurperlingernetworks

pedahzurperlingernetworks - 1 THE CHANGING NATURE OF...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 THE CHANGING NATURE OF SUICIDE ATTACKS – A SOCIAL NETWORK PERSPECTIVE Ami Pedahzur Department of Government The University of Texas at Austin Burdine 536 1 University Station A1800 Austin TX 78712-0119 Tel: 512-232-1452 [email protected] Arie Perliger Department of Political Science University of Haifa Mount Carmel, 31905 Haifa, Israel Tel: 972-4-8288288 Fax: 972-4-8288290 [email protected] Daphna Canetti-Nisim Department of Political Science University of Haifa Mount Carmel, 31905 Haifa, Israel Tel: 972-4-8249343 Fax: 972-4-8288290 [email protected] 2 THE CHANGING NATURE OF SUICIDE ATTACKS – A SOCIAL NETWORK PERSPECTIVE Introduction In recent years, there has been a breakthrough in the study of the phenomenon of suicide terrorist attacks. Robert Pape’s 1 research, in which he analyzed how suicide bombers were used as a means to force elements in the international arena to alter their policy in asymmetrical territorial disputes, paved the way for employing rational assumptions and an organizational perspective in explaining this phenomenon. 2 Bloom’s 3 work constitutes a good example of this perspective; she showed how the logic of organizational competition for public support is a factor that explains the increase or decrease in the use of suicide bombers. Recently a number of studies based on these works have been published, all focusing on an analysis of the interaction among the individual, the community, and the organization. 4 Despite the wide range of factors used in these analyses, it appears that all the researchers view organizations and their elites as central figures in the initiation of suicide attacks. Most of these studies substantiate their claims on the basis of case studies of organizations such as Hezbollah, the LTTE, the PKK, and the various Palestinian organizations. The key to this impressive theoretical advancement lies in the fact that all these organizations featured an orderly hierarchical structure that operated according to the directives of a leader or an identified echelon of leaders. Additionally, these organizations have all proclaimed the liberation of territory or struggle for the rights of a 2 THE CHANGING NATURE OF SUICIDE ATTACKS – A SOCIAL NETWORK PERSPECTIVE Introduction In recent years, there has been a breakthrough in the study of the phenomenon of suicide terrorist attacks. Robert Pape’s 1 research, in which he analyzed how suicide bombers were used as a means to force elements in the international arena to alter their policy in asymmetrical territorial disputes, paved the way for employing rational assumptions and an organizational perspective in explaining this phenomenon....
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2010 for the course GOV 365N taught by Professor Moser during the Fall '06 term at University of Texas.

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pedahzurperlingernetworks - 1 THE CHANGING NATURE OF...

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