Exam 1 - IDs - 1. Come and Take It: Gonzales The Lexington...

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1. “Come and Take It”: Gonzales – The “Lexington of Texas” *** A. The "Come and Take it" cannon describes a piece of artillery originally given to the residents of San Antonio that was eventually transported to the town of Gonzales. The cannon and the slogan "come and take it" became a symbol of defiance after the Anglos of Gonzales successfully resisted attempts by the Mexicans to retrieve the piece of artillery. The cannon/slogan would eventually become the seal on the revolutionary flag of Texas. Since the struggle for the cannon was the initial armed struggle between Mexican and Texas (that involved casualties), Gonzales is often considered the "Lexington of Texas”, referring to the battle of Lexington, which is often referred to as one of the first battles of the American Revolution. 2. The Battle for San Antonio in 1835 *** A. For two months Texas army (700-800) camped out but didn’t attack while Austin called for Texans to respond and organize. The first to respond were 135 Tejanos under Juan N. Seguin who called themselves Defenders of the Mexican Constitution. The much larger Mexican army under Cos was defeated in a battle that lasted 30 minutes. This battle is significant because it provided Texans with a lot of confidence because they were easily able to defeat a much larger Mexican army. Also, the Mexican government and army were very embarrassed about their defeat and they were ready to take revenge on the Texans and really wanted to recapture the Alamo, leading to the Siege of the Alamo. 3. The Siege of the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) *** A. Santa Anna was embarrassed because of the defeat at the Battle of the Alamo in 1835 so when he arrived in 1836 he pledges that he won’t show the garrison any mercy, that he won’t accept a surrender. Travis asserts that he will never surrender or retreat and that he will accept only victory or death. Texas reinforcements tried to come help but were turned away by Mexican troops and the Texans were outnumbered 20-1. All of the defenders were killed except for 7, including Crockett. This massacre stuck in the hearts and minds of all Texans and made them fight like hell for the rest of war. Decades later during the Mexican-American War, Texans were still bitter about this battle and were thirsty for Mexican blood. 4. Fannin at Goliad *** A. Fannin, who had problems following orders and constantly displayed indecisiveness, started for Alamo on February 26 but turned back to Goliad the next day because of problems with his wagons breaking down. He was quickly surrounded by general Urrea’s army and surrendered himself “subject to the general disposition of the supreme government”. This meant that he surrendered without the assertion of the safety of his men, all of whom were captured and executed at Santa Anna’s order. The fall of Goliad led to Urrea’s advance. The horrific executions greatly angered many Texans and during future encounters with the Mexican army, Texans would run into battle yelling, “Remember Goliad” 5. The Battle of San Jacinto (April 21, 1836) ***
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A. Around 3 in the afternoon Houston and his 910-man army prepared to attack
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2010 for the course HIST 320P taught by Professor Brown during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Exam 1 - IDs - 1. Come and Take It: Gonzales The Lexington...

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