Radical Reconstruction in Texas and Its Undoing

Radical Reconstruction in Texas and Its Undoing - Radical...

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Radical Reconstruction in Texas and Its Undoing I. Republicans Seek to Win Control of the Texas State Government A. Returned to congress as full proponents of black suffrage B. Faced difficulties – in order to get black suffrage had to gain support of whites i. In order to make it harder for democrats to win statewide election wanted to disenfranchise confederates C. Hamilton no longer governor – goes to Washington to try and get Throckmorton out of office D. Republicans returned to congress as full proponents of black suffrage E. Faced difficulties – in order to get black suffrage had to gain support of whites i. In order to make it harder for democrats to win statewide election wanted to disenfranchise confederates ii. Blacks only majority in east Texas – scalawags and carpetbaggers were too few to seriously challenge democrats a. Republicans can only carry state elections with support of blacks F. Also have 3 way division of state – conservative republicans want to conciliate former confederates – neither strategy worked in the long run II. Radical Military Leadership: Generals Phil Sheridan, Charles Griffin, and Joseph J. Reynolds *** A. Texas had most consistently radical leadership in the south B. Sheridan i. Commanded Texas and LA 5 th military district C. Griffin i. Command sub-district of Texas ii. Viewed Texas politics in same term as radicals D. Reynolds i. Succeeded Griffin ii. Wanted to be in new Texas government so actively enforced republican regime E. After Sheridan leaves, Griffin/Reynolds ruled Texas III. Republicans Organize Blacks / Union League / George T. Ruby A. Instruct black into wisdom of voting Republican B. Whites organize blacks in secret meetings of secret Union Leagues i. Emerge as major instrument of black political movement in Texas C. Ruby = Union League state president i. Was teacher with freedman’s bureau before entering politics IV.General Sheridan Removes Governor Throckmorton from Office A. Throckmorton pledges he would comply with Sheridan and Griffin but he refuses to give up as much as they want him to so they remove him from office because he was an impediment to reconstruction B. Appoints Pease in Throckmorton’s place C. Throckmorton’s friends have a wake to celebrate his removal from office –
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Radical Reconstruction in Texas and Its Undoing - Radical...

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