The Texas Republic and the Diplomacy of Annexation2

The Texas Republic and the Diplomacy of Annexation2 - The...

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The Texas Republic and the Diplomacy of Annexation (Lecture 2) I. The Annexation of Texas Issue in American Politics During the John Tyler Administration *** A. Tyler = state’s right candidate B. Not hard to get Tyler to support annexation – once in office broke with Whig party over issues like 3 rd National Bank i. Fifty members of the Whig party in Congress said that Tyler was no longer a Whig ii. Entire cabinet resigned except Secretary of State Webster a. Once finished treaty with Britain he too resigned b. Replaced with Upshur – Tyler allowed him to make secret negotiations with Texas over annexation Allowed him to get support of Democrats and southerners that might help him get elected in next election since he now no longer has a party C. Upshur told Calhoun he was nervous about Britain wanted to abolish slavery throughout North America D. Britain wanted to abolish slavery all North America i. Texas afraid that fugitive slaves from US would flee into Republic of Texas ii. Would lead to people wanting their property back and then might start a war with Texas and broken union iii. Upshur thought that they admit Texas as slave holding state and if they didn’t then it would ruin the country E. Houston assumed indifferent attitude i. Getting Britain and France to pressure Mexico into accept Texas as independent state ii. Said that US had to protect Texas against attacks by Mexico iii. Also warned about what might happen to Texas if congress failed to accept Texas as a free slave iv. Gave Houston assurance that the US would protect Texas during annexation negotiations F. Upshur kill in 1844 while inspecting warship and many cabinet officers standing in front of huge gun that blew up i. Interrupts negotiation process G. Tyler appoints Calhoun to take over Upshur’s position H. Calhoun concluded with annexation treaty i. Tyler approves it – April 12, 1844 ii. Under terms Texas annexed as a territory
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2010 for the course HIST 320P taught by Professor Brown during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas.

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The Texas Republic and the Diplomacy of Annexation2 - The...

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