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Disability Study - UTL 341R Overcoming Reading Difficulties...

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UTL 341R – Overcoming Reading Difficulties Disability Study: Attention - Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder November 17 , 2009
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Attention - Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( ADHD ) is a learning disability that describes children who display persistent age - inappropriate symptoms of inattention , hyperactivity , and impulsivity that cause impairment in major life activities ( Mash , and Wolfe 121 ). As ADHD has become more prevalent , many professionals have tried to come up with theories and explanations for the spread of the disability . These explanations have ranged from evolutionary survival of the fittest to a myth our society has made up to simply having too much sugar . All of these theories have more or less been rejected and the central theory for the cause and spread of ADHD has been widely accepted as being a disorder in which genetic and neurobiological factors play a central role ( "Understanding AD/HD" ). The unique characteristics of ADHD , inattention and hyperactivity - impulsivity , provide for a wide range of severity the disability can cause in an individual . No two people with the disability are exactly alike in how ADHD affects them . Therefore , professionals have tried to specify the type of ADHD an individual has in order to more accurately diagnose and treat ADHD and have categorized ADHD into three subtypes ( Mash , and Wolfe 124 ). The first subtype is Predominantly inattentive type ( ADHD - PI ), which describes children who primarily have symptoms of inattention . They may have a learning disability , process information slowly , find it hard to remember things , and display low academic achievement . These children are also often rated as anxious and apprehensive , socially withdrawn , and may display mood disorders . The second subtype is Predominantly hyperactive - impulsive type 2
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( ADHD - HI ), which describes children who have primarily symptoms of hyperactivity - impulsivity . The final subgroup is the Combined type ( ADHD - C ), which describes children who have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity - impulsivity ( Mash , and Wolfe 124 ). Children suffering from ADHD - HI and ADHD - C are more likely to display behavioral problems than those children suffering from ADHD - PI . These are the children that will be constantly talking out in class , defiant towards authority figures , are often rejected by their peers , and display signs of aggression that could lead to multiple suspensions ( Mash , and Wolfe 124 ). Although professionals may not be able to agree upon the cause of ADHD , many methods have been introduced to diagnose and treat the disorder . However , since research for the disability is new and effects differ from person to person , no single “test” can be applied to see if a student is suffering from ADHD . One of the most effective ways to diagnose ADHD is by simply observing the student .
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