Disability Study - UTL 341R Overcoming Reading Difficulties...

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UTL 341R – Overcoming Reading Difficulties Disability Study: Attention -Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder November 17 , 2009
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Attention -Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a learning disability that describes children who display persistent age -inappropriate symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that cause impairment in major life activities (Mash, and Wolfe 121). As ADHD has become more prevalent , many professionals have tried to come up with theories and explanations for the spread of the disability . These explanations have ranged from evolutionary survival of the fittest to a myth our society has made up to simply having too much sugar . All of these theories have more or less been rejected and the central theory for the cause and spread of ADHD has been widely accepted as being a disorder in which genetic and neurobiological factors play a central role ("Understanding AD/HD"). The unique characteristics of ADHD , inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, provide for a wide range of severity the disability can cause in an individual . No two people with the disability are exactly alike in how ADHD affects them . Therefore , professionals have tried to specify the type of ADHD an individual has in order to more accurately diagnose and treat ADHD and have categorized ADHD into three subtypes (Mash, and Wolfe 124). The first subtype is Predominantly inattentive type (ADHD-PI), which describes children who primarily have symptoms of inattention . They may have a learning disability , process information slowly , find it hard to remember things, and display low academic achievement. These children are also often rated as anxious and apprehensive , socially withdrawn, and may display mood disorders . The second subtype is Predominantly hyperactive -impulsive type 2
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(ADHD-HI), which describes children who have primarily symptoms of hyperactivity -impulsivity. The final subgroup is the Combined type (ADHD-C), which describes children who have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity -impulsivity (Mash, and Wolfe 124). Children suffering from ADHD -HI and ADHD -C are more likely to display behavioral problems than those children suffering from ADHD -PI. These are the children that will be constantly talking out in class , defiant towards authority figures , are often rejected by their peers, and display signs of aggression that could lead to multiple suspensions (Mash, and Wolfe 124). Although professionals may not be able to agree upon the cause of ADHD , many methods have been introduced to diagnose and treat the disorder . However , since research for the disability is new and effects differ from person to person , no single “test” can be applied to see if a student is suffering from ADHD . One of the most effective ways to diagnose ADHD is by simply observing the student .
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Disability Study - UTL 341R Overcoming Reading Difficulties...

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