clas208 - FACULTY OF ARTS FINAL EXAMINATION CLAS 208 ROMAN...

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Unformatted text preview: FACULTY OF ARTS FINAL EXAMINATION CLAS 208 ROMAN LITERATURE AND SOCIETY Examiner: Dr D. Baronowski Friday, April 15, 2005 Associate Examiner: Prof. T. W. Richardson 2:00 — 5:00 p. m. Instructions: Please answer in examination booklets. Calculators are not allowed. No texts or notes are allowed. Translation dictionaries (e. g., French — English) are allowed. You may keep the examination paper. This examination comprises three pages, including the cover page. CLAS 208 2 Please select one passage from each of the four sections that follow (i. e., one passage from each author). For each passage chosen, please write a short essay (one to two pages, doublewspaced). Each essay should (a) explain the context of the passage (i. e., explain what the passage is about, or how it relates to the larger work of which it is a part). In the case of Petronius, also identify the speaker. (b) discuss the passage, identifying any important persons (real or fictitious) and commenting on significant events, issues, themes or problems mentioned in the passage. Value of each essay: 10 marks Your total mark on 40 will be expressed as a mark on 100. PASSAGES Section I (Seneca the Younger) 1. You must inevitably either hate or imitate the world. But the right thing is to shun both courses: You should neither become like the bad because they are many, nor be an enemy of the many because they are unlike you. Retire into yourself as much as you can. 2. I'm_g1ad to hear, from these people who've been visiting you, that you live on friendly terms with your slaves. It is just what one expects of an enlightened, cultivated person like yourself. Section II (Petronius) 1. My colleagues laughed at me, but when I got my breath back I went on to examine the whole wall.... I began asking the porter what were the pictures they had in the middle. "The Iliad, the Odyssey," he said, "and the gladiatorial Show given by Laenas." 2. "I am a poet," he said, "and a poet of no mean ability, I like to think.... 'Why,‘ you ask, 'are you so badly dressed then?‘ For this one reason — concern for the intellect never made anyone rich.... Only a poet is a tattered thing, Cold scarecrow, mute and endlessly sighing For the lonely, lost and now deserted arts." CLAS 208 3 Section 3 (Pliny the Younger) 1. This year has raised a fine crop of poets; there was scarcely a day throughout the month of April when someone was not giving a public reading.... Personally I have failed scarcely anyone, though I admit that most of the invitations came from my friends; for there are very few people who care for literature without caring for me too. 2. I have never been present at an examination of Christians. Consequently, I do not know the nature of the extent of the punishments usually meted out to them, nor the grounds for starting an investigation.... Nor am I at all sure ... whether a pardon ought to be granted to anyone retracting his beliefs.... Section 4 (Juvenal) 1. Here Umbricius stood. "There's no room in this city," he said, "for the decent professions: their emoluments are nil So farewell, Rome, I leave you to sanitary engineers and municipal architects...." 2. Those features, once second in all the world, are turned into jugs and basins,frying—pans, chamber—pots.... "What an ugly, stuck—up face he had," they say. "Believe me, I never cared for this fellow." "But what was his crime? Who brought the charges, who testified? How did they prove his guilt?" "Nothing like that: a long and wordy letter arrived from Capri." ...
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