lecture 33

lecture 33 - { Institutional and political factors : z 1....

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1 1 LECTURE 33 – INCOME INEQUALITY ACROSS CANADA OUTLINE { On the causes of income inequality z Demand-side factors z Supply-side factors z Institutional and political factors { Inequality across Canadian provinces, 1981-1999 { Explaining recent trends z Data measurement z A simple model 2 THE CAUSES OF INEQUALITY (1) { Demand-side factors : rising inequality explained by shift in demand away from less-skilled to high-skilled workers z 1. Increasing international trade z 2. Skills-biased technological change z 3. Deindustrialization (i.e. industrial restructuring) thesis
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2 3 THE CAUSES OF INEQUALITY (2) { Supply-side factors : rising inequality tied to shifts in the structure and demographic composition of the labour force z 1. Changes in educational attainment z 2. Immigration z 3. Changes in the age structure z 4. Gender composition of workforce 4 THE CAUSES OF INEQUALITY (3)
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Unformatted text preview: { Institutional and political factors : z 1. Declining unionization rates z 2. Cutbacks to government spending z 3. Changes to minimum wage legislation 3 5 THE STATE OF THE DEBATE { Competing explanations and fragmented approaches { Geography: z little attention paid to the regional dimensions of inequality and potentially significant spatial differences in the relative influence of the various factors { New frontiers: micro-data? 6 INCOME INEQUALITY ACROSS CANADIAN PROVINCES, 1981-99 Source: Breau (2007) 4 7 PERCENTAGE CHANGE IN Q5/Q1 RATIO, 1981-99 Source: Breau (2007) 8 GINI COEFFICIENTS ACROSS CANADIAN PROVINCES, 1981-99 Source: Breau (2007) 5 9 EXPLAINING RECENT TRENDS { A simple model: { Fixed- and random-effects estimations { Results? 10 RESULTS...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2010 for the course GEOG 208 taught by Professor Akin during the Spring '10 term at McGill.

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lecture 33 - { Institutional and political factors : z 1....

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