10.22.09 - HUme There is no natural sense or sensibility...

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HUme There is no natural sense or sensibility that ties to the duties behind promises Moral duties must have an anteceded promise Basis of promise is tied to self interest The actual basis of promise stems from itself interest He have an inability to keep our obligations from others immediately If justice involves reciprocity, the ability to recipicate immediately is a potential problem The act of promising gets around this To enjoy the mutual advantage of common effort, individual make promises that they will do what is required of them, is to obtain the advantages of common effort Self interest turns into moral sentiment o This gives rise to a new type of moral obligation Hume does not think consent is a measure to a governments legitimize What makes a government legitimate? o Governments arise in the organizations preparation for war o Indigenous tribes of north America, individual can live with out government until conflict arises between groups o Wars exist between societies o Societies need to organize themselves, organization requires leadership and central authority o This experience teaches the benefits of political authority (shows the benefit of government) o Individuals wish to maintain this (this is the historical explanation) o Logical explanation ; points to the idea of Form of consent best explains the advent of government is tied to the idea of the promise Individuals select magistrates or rules and promise them obedience
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This is the initial source of legitimacy Once the legitimacy of government is established it switches to other sources, legitimacy of gov comes to rest on other foundations, the legitimacy of gov eventually detaches itself from the government Difference between two types of obligations 1. Interest we have in maintaining order and this opposed to the 2. interest we have in establishing mutual trust and confidence Similarity is that they are both universal, the obligations that go with them are
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2010 for the course HMST 297 taught by Professor Ferrel during the Fall '10 term at McGill.

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10.22.09 - HUme There is no natural sense or sensibility...

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