Clutchhh - Humanistic Studies 23:06 Thursday September 3...

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Unformatted text preview: Humanistic Studies 23:06 Thursday, September 3, 2009- Athens was a commercial power, relied on trade for economy- was a navy power- 431BC, around 40 000 citizens- Metics, was resident aliens, foreigners, around 10 000 engaged in trade have a lot of influence, tho excluded from the decision making process bc they were not citizens- slaves, ~30 000-100 000 backbone of labor force, took care of agriculture, mining also served in the military no legal rights whatsoever- was a hierarchical society- women some legal status in charge of burials and running the house Citizenship- only ones who could participate in society were white males over 15- citizenships carry privileges - citizenship determined by the Senate if dad is Athinian, then you are too though this changes to needing both parents to be Athinians foreigners can never become Athinian citizens citizenship conferred at 13 10 tribes in the city- formal process of enrollment and could be challenged in a court- ability to participate in festivals and cults- no private/public distinction- religion is not a private concern, but is a public one- ability to attend, speak and vote in the assembly, Isagoria equality of speaking equality concerned with the political setting; the right to speak in assembly- citizenship allowed those to serve as a jurer and on the jury they liked serving in courts- citizenship promises the protection under law, Isonomia (du process)- allows to receive public funds, of welfare payments- eligible for citizenship at 18, though not able to participate until 20- for those 2 years they underwent military training- 20; able to sit on assembly Institutions - The Assembly, the Council of 500, Courts, and Magistrates- Assembly- whole body of citizens- Met around 40 times a year at a hillside, where at most 6000 ppl could attend- This is important bc not everybody was represented- A democracy which is narrow in the scope of participation- Assembly is very important; had final say on war and peace; on formal alliances; direct taxes Council of 500: Administrative group providing oversite- Specific issues brought up- Decided what was going to be decided in the assembly- Met with foreign embassies and have oversight of the Magistrate - Control of city finances- Management of public property- Control of fleet and arsenals Membership : ach of the tribes put up 50 ppl to serve in the council every year- Every tribe would rule over the council one month a year, and every day of that month, every member of the tribe gets to be President of the Council every day...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2010 for the course HMST 297 taught by Professor Ferrel during the Fall '10 term at McGill.

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Clutchhh - Humanistic Studies 23:06 Thursday September 3...

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