anth 4 ppt 2 - Housekeeping posted online...

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1 Housekeeping… box4 posted online @ http://my.ucdavis.edu square6 Syllabus square6 PDFs of required readings through Day 7 box4 (if you don’t want to buy the reader) square6 HW1 square6 Essay Topics, guide to avoiding plagarism box4 Coming soon (to website): square6 Rest of the readings square6 MT guidelines square6 Guides to academic research & writing, finding appropriate references, essay grading rubrics box4 My Office Hours: currently Tu 1-3. is 9-11am better? Housekeeping cont. box4 Extra Credit Key Quote Responses square6 Due weekly in section -see syllabus square6 Week 1 Readings EC duedate extended to next week’s section b/c of walkout chaos box4 Weekly Homework Assignments are starting square6 HW 1 assigned today (posted on course website), and due next Tu, in lecture Review box4 What is culture? box4 barb2right shared practices, beliefs and worldviews box4 barb2right these are learned square6 You’re not born with a particular worldview or knowing particular cultural practices box4 Cultures are embedded and overlapping square6 None of us are just ‘American’ or some other ‘culture’ box4 barb2right each of our cultural practices are influenced by multiple sources square6 I, for example, interact with the world and behave according to the norms of being an American, a female, a professional, etc. square6 There are norms for each of these ‘cultures’, and these norms all influence my behavior, and can also conflict with each other Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology: Historical Background How linguistics and language systems became a part of anthropological study Why is language important? box4 cultural practices transmitted via language square6 Remember, cultural practices are learned, so they must be taught, or passed along to younger generations box4 language is itself a cultural practice square6 Within a cultural group, there are shared norms for how one communicates, what linguistic forms you use, how you talk to people of different status, etc. box4 Language background (what lgs you speak, know) is related to worldview square6 Debate about what this relationship is, whether lg structure limits worldview, or simply makes particular things more ‘obvious’ to you at first glance When did lg become important to understanding/interpreting culture? box4 In US, anthropological research strongly influenced by availability of Native Americans, with different linguistic and cultural backgrounds box4 Why did they study Native Americans? box4 1. They were there, and understudied box4 2. trying to classify languages into families: barb2right Are lgs X & Y derived from 1 common ancestor lg or from separate ancestor lgs? box4 3. by classifying lgs, the anthropologists thought they would be able to capture and classify cultures into hierarchical families
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2 Theory of Cultural Evolution box4 Underlying premise: there were different degrees of complexity across languages/cultures box4 Hunter/gatherer societies were implicitly thought to be less ‘evolved’ or ‘complex’
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