anth 4 ppt 3

anth 4 ppt 3 - Reminders HW1 due next Tuesday Posted on...

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1 Reminders… b HW1 s due next Tuesday s Posted on my.ucdavis.edu b VC Office Hours: s Adjusted to Tu 9-10am, 2-3pm b Typo in readings: day 4. 6.4 p 1897-203 doesn’t exist, ignore it b Typo in HW: due 10/6, not 4 weeks ago (obviously) Thought q. . b If you want to study something, it helps to break it into smaller, more manageable chunks b What types of ways can we divide up language? What types of bits make up language? b Bigger bits--- B smaller bits b Conversations & monologues, sentences, phrases, full words, parts of words, sounds b B we’re starting w/ the smallest bits that make up languages, sounds Phonetics The Study of Human Speech Sounds Segmenting Sounds b Segmentation refers to the dividing up of speech into individual sounds, words, etc. b The lack of pausing between sounds makes this difficult. s Grade A Gray Day s It’s hard to recognize speech It’s hard to wreck a nice beach. s Excuse me while I kiss this guy. Excuse me while I kiss the sky. Spelling vs. Sounds b How many sounds, or phones, are in the following words? s caught s fish s cheese b There is no guaranteed 1-to-1 correspondence between the number of written letters and the number of spoken sounds in English Spelling vs. sound cont. b What is "ghoti"? b How do you pronounce it??? b it's "fish", re-spelled to demonstrate the inconsistency of English spelling: s "gh" as in "cough" s "o" as in "women" s "ti" as in "nation"
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2 Spelling vs. Sounds Cont. b It is very common for the same sound to be represented by a different combination of letters, or for the same combination of letters to represent different sounds: b meet cheer b meat chef b mete character b There is no guaranteed 1-to-1 correspondence between a written letter and its pronunciation in English b The Lesson? Forget about SPELLING and concentrate on SOUNDS (Phones) Phones are represented with the IPA b IPA = International Phonetic Alphabet s Created to describe the sounds of the world’s languages in one system s Each symbol in the IPA always corresponds to only ONE sound s These symbols are organized in the IPA chart based upon the criteria for describing consonants and vowels Describing Consonant vs. Vowels Phones Consonants 1. Voicing 2. Place of Articulation 3. Manner of Articulation Vowels 1. Tongue Height 2. Tongue Backness 3. Tense or Lax 4. Lip Rounding IPA: Consonants b When describing consonants , linguists use the following 3 criteria (in this order): 1. Voicing 2. Place of Articulation 3. Manner of Articulation b *See page 32 of reader (LF, pg 54) for full English IPA consonant chart 1. Voicing Cont. b The vocal chords are two muscular folds in throat that open and close b If the vocal chords are apart, a gap exists where the air from the lungs can freely flow through and out the mouth. The vocal chords do not vibrate as the air passes through,
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course ANT 004 taught by Professor Chand during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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anth 4 ppt 3 - Reminders HW1 due next Tuesday Posted on...

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