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anth 4 ppt 7 - Bookkeeping MT assignment due NEXT Th HW2...

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1 Bookkeeping square6 MT assignment due NEXT Th square6 HW2 accepted through today, for 75% of total grade square6 HW3 Assigned (& posted), due next Tu •Requires analyzing a Youtubevideo—don’t leave till last minute! square6 Flu & Missing class/assignments reminder •Let us know! Paralanguage (from Lec6) square6 occurs alongside language, not another full language square6 System – captures HOW something is said, not WHAT is said, – is culturally mediated square6 E.g. speech volume – Americans tend to speak louder than British speakers – How can this lead to conflict? square6 barb2right Americans could feel like the British are being secretive or sneaky b/cthey’re quieter square6 barb2right British could feel that Americans are angry or aggressive, b/cthey’re louder Review: Grice’s Maxims square6 What are the four Maxims? square6 Quantity, quality, manner, relevance square6 ‘Is it going to rain?’ – What type of answer would flout ‘quantity’? square6 Wrong Amt of Info barb2right no answer, a 10 minute answer on the reliability of weather forecasters square6 Quality? square6 Not True barb2right saying ‘no, it will be sunny for the next 3 months straight’ square6 Manner? square6 Right Amt of Info, but inappropriate presentation barb2right ‘Yes, sometime soon, you jerk!’ square6 Relevance? square6 Off topic barb2right ‘I may make pizza tonight’ Review: NVC square6 What are some types of ways we communicate that aren’t through language? square6 Proxemics(perceptions & use of space); kinesics (gestures, movements, facial expressions); paralanguage square6 Universal or culture/lgspecific? square6 barb2right culture/lgspecific square6 Thought Q: Within a community, are these NVCsused the same, by everyone? Language Acquisition How children & adults acquire language; theories & stages of acquisition First LgAcquisition square6 We learn vocabulary throughout our lives, but, square6 by the time we are 5 years old we know the basics of our native language(s) square6 At 5 years old, before we can do even basic math, we are already using complex rules of language
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2 First LgAcquisition square6 Begs the q—how do kids do it? It’s a lot of learning in a short timespan… square6 One possibility barb2right Innateness Hypothesis Innateness Hypothesis square6 Theory that children acquire language(s) through the use of Universal Grammar or UG – We are genetically predisposed to acquire language: Babies are born with the knowledge that languages have patterns, and they intuitively seek out those patterns Universal Grammar = an innate blueprint that includes the universal patterns and principles of all possible languages of the world (UG promoted by NoamChomsky) • No one knows what exactly UG includes, but is being investigated square6 Why innate?
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