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anth 4 ppt 10 - Housekeeping(Reminders MT Assignment well...

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1 Housekeeping (Reminders) box4 MT Assignment square6 barb2right we’ll try & return these next Tu box4 HW 4 due now box4 HW 5 is CANCELLED (more time for working on essay) box4 Essay Rough Drafts barb2right due next Thursday, 11/5 box4 What is needed for the rough draft? box4 Before moving on: $ examples. Take note of lg(s) used Review box4 Why is defining someone as ‘bilingual’ complicated? box4 barb2right different definitions of ‘fluent’, diff definitions of ‘language’ box4 What do we know about codeswitching? Do pplwho CS not speak either lgfluently? box4 barb2right Nope, they do, CSingis structured (not a mishmash) and CSingis used for various communicative & social reasons box4 What is the difference between descriptive & prescriptive grammar? box4 barb2right Descriptive grammar captures how people do talk, prescriptive grammar regulates how people should talk Language Policy The study of how language practices are regulated Thought Qs box4 Why might a community have language policies? box4 How do we see language practices ‘policed’ around us? box4 What are some ways that language practices can be regulated & sanctioned that we don’t see around us here, but have heard about in other contexts? box4 Is language policy a neutral concept? Language Policy box4 LgPolicy official definition (H. Schiffman): LP examines decisions (rules, regulations, guidelines) about the status, use, domains, and territories of language(s) and the rights of speakers of the languages in question box4 how language use is (or is not) regulated in different domains square6 In official paperwork square6 In educational policy square6 In what lgsare used for government business square6 In what lgsare found in media (tv, radio, newspapers) box4 what rights we have to use different lgsin different contexts square6 LgAttitudes: how official policies correlate to how we think about different languages & their communities of speakers Language used on $Money$ box4 Look at the number of lgs& number of scripts on money from EU, Canada, UK, India & US box4 What differences are there? box4 Some use multiple lgsfor a purpose (e.g. translation) square6 e.g. India box4 Some use multiple lgsin a ceremonial fashion square6 e.g. Latin on US money box4 Some appear to be monolingual, e.g. Canada, EU, UK square6 but… are they monolingual nations? box4 Not all!
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2 LgPolicy, cont. box4 How can we talk about lgpolicy? box4 barb2right Language policy is a social construct square6 It is prescriptive. How? square6 It doesn’t document what people are doing, it tells them what they are allowed to do box4 barb2right we’ll look at 5 dimensions for differentiating lgpolicies square6 Covert vs. overt policies square6 Promotivevs. tolerance policies square6 Egalitarian vs. restrictive square6 Jurisdictional limitations square6 De facto vs. de jure policies 1. Covert vs. Overt Policies box4 Overt: obvious, out in open vs. Covert: discrete, non-obvious, hidden box4 Overt LgPolicy: explicitly documents the rights of any/all
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