anth 4 ppt 10

Anth 4 ppt 10 - Housekeeping(Reminders MT Assignment well try return these next Tu Review Why is defining someone as bilingual complicated

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1 Housekeeping (Reminders) b MT Assignment s B b HW 4 due now b HW 5 is CANCELLED (more time for working on essay) b Essay Rough Drafts B due next Thursday, 11/5 b What is needed for the rough draft? b Before moving on: $ examples. Take note of lg(s) used Review b Why is defining someone as ‘bilingual’ complicated? b B different definitions of ‘fluent’, diff definitions of ‘language’ b What do we know about codeswitching? Do ppl who CS not speak either lg fluently? b B Nope, they do, CSing is structured (not a mishmash) and b What is the difference between descriptive & prescriptive grammar? b B Descriptive grammar captures how people do talk, prescriptive grammar regulates how people should talk Language Policy The study of how language practices are regulated Thought Qs b Why might a community have language policies? b How do we see language practices ‘policed’ around us? b What are some ways that language practices can be regulated & sanctioned that we don’t see around us here, but have heard about in other contexts? b Is language policy a neutral concept? Language Policy b Lg Policy official definition (H. Schiffman): LP examines decisions (rules, regulations, guidelines) about the status, use, domains, and territories of language(s) and the rights of speakers of the languages in question b how language use is (or is not) regulated in different domains s In official paperwork s In educational policy s In what lgs are used for government business s In what lgs are found in media (tv, radio, newspapers) b what rights we have to use different lgs in different contexts s Lg Attitudes: how official policies correlate to how we think about Language used on $Money$ b Look at the number of lgs & number of scripts on b What differences are there? b Some use multiple lgs for a purpose (e.g. translation) s e.g. India b Some use multiple lgs in a ceremonial fashion s e.g. Latin on US money b Some appear to be monolingual, e.g. Canada, EU, UK s but… are they monolingual nations? b Not all!
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2 Lg Policy, cont. b How can we talk about lg policy? b B Language policy is a social construct s It is prescriptive. How? s It doesn’t document what people are doing, it tells them what they are allowed to do b B we’ll look at 5 dimensions for differentiating lg policies s Covert vs. overt policies s Promotive vs. tolerance policies s Egalitarian vs. restrictive s Jurisdictional limitations s De facto vs. de jure policies 1. Covert vs. Overt Policies b Overt: obvious, out in open vs. Covert: discrete, non-obvious, hidden b Overt Lg Policy: explicitly documents the rights of any/all linguistic groups to use their lg in particular or all domains s These are a guarantee of ones linguistic rights b Covert Lg Policy: no mention of any lg in legal documents, codes s These situations offer no clear guarantees regarding ones linguistic
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course ANT 004 taught by Professor Chand during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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Anth 4 ppt 10 - Housekeeping(Reminders MT Assignment well try return these next Tu Review Why is defining someone as bilingual complicated

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