anth 4 ppt 17

anth 4 ppt 17 - Defining Terms Linguistic Discrimination...

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1 Linguistic Discrimination & Profiling The study of how particular language practices are profiled and used to discriminate against certain speech communities Defining Terms… What is profiling ? How do you interpret this term? Basic definition b when additional information is extrapolated based on the existence of a particular feature s E.g., people are singled out based on certain features as more likely to be X or Y (smarter, more honest, etc.) to do X or Y (succeed in school, commit crimes, etc.) For example, racial profiling : s when particular races/ethnicities are singled out as more likely to have committed a crime, etc. Defining Terms… cont. Reality check: does having a particular race or ethnicity make you predisposed to commit a crime? b Nope Profiling is intertwined with discrimination b s Discrimination : treatment based on a category (e.g. class, race, age) rather than on individual merits Defining Terms… cont. Linguistic discrimination : when people with particular language practices are singled out (profiled) as more likely to have committed a crime, etc. Where do you think we might find linguistic discrimination? Where we find linguistic discrimination In language policies s E.g. if one language (and the speakers of that language) are favored over other languages (and their speakers) In (most) colonial situations s Native communities’ language practices were scorned as ‘barbarous dialects’, not given equal value s The speakers were not treated as equal to the colonizers, as a consequence Where else we find linguistic In institutional settings (e.g. courts, medical settings) s Focus of next Tu’s lecture In media (tv, movies) In school: s children who speak a variety that is evaluated as ‘non- standard’, e.g. AAE, are more likely to be assessed as developmentally slow (Labov 1982) s Reality b they speak a different variety Video example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WWIbIA9BltQ&feature=PlayList&p=7E382F5105CCD305&playnext=1&index=2
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2 The basis of linguistic discrimination Are we born with these ideologies about how to deal with Nope: Where do we learn this stuff? b Through interactions which demonstrate these connections, s e.g. through community, media Media? How? s tv & movies are a huge influence on children as they grow & their understanding of the world develops (big influence on adults too!) s The way language is used in tv and movies doesn’t reflect reality, language variation is interpreted through ideologies about language and social categories Language Ideologies in Media (Lippi-Green 1997) Media creates a certain reality which children come to believe as being normal or natural: naturalization s How? media encourages certain understandings of language
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course ANT 004 taught by Professor Chand during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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anth 4 ppt 17 - Defining Terms Linguistic Discrimination...

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