Class 3 - ZG an Rong Di Chinese History 1/21/10 Yi m Shang...

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man Rong Yi Di ZG Chinese History 1/21/10 Shang Dynasty Development of royal power Background: war –dominated society Establishment of dynastic political structure Succession of kingship through patrilineage (male succession) o Concentrated in one family. And kingship transferred in family Large scale of human sacrifices: o Evidence testifying the power of Shang kings o Wives, subordinates, slaves/prisoners of war (beheaded) o 200-300 people at a time o Shang king had a lot of wars Theocracy : Political leader assumes religious leader o The king assumed the priestly function as well as the political, military leadership o The reason for Shang King’s religious power Di was the name of their highest, most powerful god and they had to please him and it was believed that the Shang King had the closest relationship to the Di because the Shang king was supposed to be the closest to his ancestors and the ancestors were closest to Di o The priestly function provided the justification for Shang kings’ political power o The first known example of ancestral worship in China o The reason for Shang kings’ religious power o - The ruler’s ancestors were supposed to be the closest one to the highest god, Di. If
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Class 3 - ZG an Rong Di Chinese History 1/21/10 Yi m Shang...

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