GCU 325 – Lecture 4 Notes AFrance is keystone country in Europe. Major power getting EU together. Going over countries in order that they joined the EU.Pennsylvania is called the Keystone state. A strategic location bridging different parts of the US together. Same for France in Europe. France and Spain have coastlines on both Atlantic and Mediterranean.France ties in Iberia to Europe as well as the British Isles. It is pretty far west. France was the key location at one time. Now Germany.French most important and involved in starting the EU. French people call their country the Hexagon. France large in territorial size. Population density less than some neighbors even with big population. Germany is number one in population of Europe. France, Uk Italy 60 million people. France big country in population, but not as dense as Belgium, NETHER, or GERM. Quite a bit bigger than Germany or UK, but less or same people. Southern Britain, Belgium Netherlands, West Germany, Northern Italy high density, also Paris Region, Mediterranean region. Regions:Paris Basin or Ile De France: Paris largest city almost 11MM in metro area. Paris not coastal city, nor center of the country. Paris in center of Paris basin, center of very large agricultural region. Also called center or heart of France. Paris more than 7 times larger than Lyon, second biggest city. historically city was agricultural center. Products brought in from the Paris Basin. Confluence of rivers. City was founded as a roman fort on an island in the Seine River. Not a port city. Center of Paris Basin is why so big. Paris basin very rich soil. Paris Basin and Po valley two most important agricultural zones.Normandy – West, slightly North. We often think of the coast, but Normandy is large area west of Paris. Normandy has sections of famous white cliffs. Also White cliffs of Dover England. Brittany peninsula or Bretagne, NW Corner of country. Brittany pen is large plateau. Older rocks. Worn out. Eroded, rocky plateau. This is France’s part of the Western Uplands, including Scandanavia, Iceland Ireland, Finland, Scotland. Very stable platform, very rocky. Large area, rocky, indented coastlines, highly eroded. Loire Valley Long river Loire River, Begins in Massif Central, in spring heavy flow from Snow from Massif
and winter rains. In summer months, slower, lower flow, widens out, sandbars. Famous for chateauxs. Large estates that grow grapes for wine industry. Nantes near coast. It’s an inland Port. Saint Nazaire is right at the port. Europe has a lot of big rivers with good flow. Northern limits of viticulture or grape growing/wine making. Climatically difficult north of line. Famous areas include Champagne, Burgundy. Some chato big castles on water by golf courses. Lots of grapes. Midi – Hills and the foreland before the Pyranees. Foothills of Pyranees. Large area of SW France. Rivers, Carcassone Gap. One river flows toward atlantic, one to Mediterranean. Hills and rugged areas. Canyons.