18 - The Americans (Survey) Chapter 18: TELESCOPING THE...

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The Americans (Survey) Chapter 18: TELESCOPING THE TIMES America Claims an Empire CHAPTER OVERVIEW To compete with other powers, America gains colonies overseas, although some Americans object. Section 1: Imperialism and America MAIN IDEA Beginning in 1867 and continuing through the century, global competition caused the United States to expand. At the end of the 1800s, the United States joined the global trend to acquire lands overseas. Nations of Europe had taken control of almost all of Africa. Japan was seizing colonies in Asia. The United States competed with other nations to gain a trade foothold in China. Three factors pushed the United States to join the grab for land: • Economic competition for raw materials and markets for its manufactured goods. • Political and military competition, based in part on the creation of a powerful new navy. • A belief in the racial and cultural superiority of the people of England and their descendants—which led many Americans to believe that the United States had a mission to spread civilization and Christianity. Many Americans opposed this imperialist trend. They objected on moral or practical grounds. They felt that the taking of colonies was not right or would cost too much. The first territory acquired was Alaska followed by Hawaii, where a number of Americans had established large and successful sugar plantations. Through a change in Hawaii’s constitution, these planters came to control the government. In 1893, Hawaii’s queen tried to change the constitution, and the planters seized control of the island. President Grover Cleveland refused to annex Hawaii, but his successor, William McKinley, did. Hawaii became a territory of the United States in 1898. Section 2: The Spanish-American War MAIN IDEA In 1898, the United States went to war to help Cuba win its independence from Spain.
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

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18 - The Americans (Survey) Chapter 18: TELESCOPING THE...

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