21 - Chapter 21: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Roaring Life of...

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Chapter 21: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Roaring Life of the 1920s Section 1 : Changing Ways of Life MAIN IDEA Americans experienced cultural conflicts as customs and values change in the 1920s. The 1920 census revealed that for the first time more Americans lived in towns and cities than in the country. The 1920s sped that process of urbanization. New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia became huge cities, and 65 others had more than 100,000 people. As 2 million people a year left their farms, city values—not small-town values—began to dominate the nation. The transition was not always easy. One clash concerned Prohibition, favored by many rural people and opposed by many city dwellers. In 1920, the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution took effect and Prohibition became law. However, the effort to stop drinking was doomed. The government did not have enough law officers to enforce the law. Illegal nightclubs sprang up across the country. People began making their own illegal liquor. Others bought from “bootleggers”—resulting in large sums of money flowing to organized crime. By the middle of the decade, only 19 percent of Americans supported Prohibition. It remained law until 1933, however. The country also saw a revival of Christian fundamentalism. Christian fundamentalists believed that every word in the Bible was literally true. Religious revivals and preachers drew large crowds, especially in the South and West. Soon fundamentalists clashed with science in the Scopes trial. Fundamentalists, who rejected the scientific theory of evolution, persuaded some states to outlaw teaching of that theory in schools. Teacher John Scopes protested the law by openly teaching the subject. The trial brought famous attorneys and large crowds to a small Tennessee town.
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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21 - Chapter 21: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Roaring Life of...

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