A_CHAPTER01

A_CHAPTER01 - Three Worlds Meet Native Americans and...

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Henry the Navigator, and Prince of Portugal. Art (about 1464). Three Worlds Meet Native Americans and Africans develop complex societies and cultures. Europeans explore and conquer parts of the New World and launch a massive slave trade. NEXT
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NEXT Three Worlds Meet SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Peopling the Americas North American Societies Around 1492 West African Societies Around 1492 European Societies Around 1492 SECTION 5 Transatlantic Encounters
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Section 1 Peopling the Americas In ancient times, migrating peoples settle the Americas, where their descendants develop complex societies. NEXT
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Ancient Peoples Come to the Americas The First Americans • 22,000 years ago hunters cross from Asia to Alaska over Beringia Hunting and Gathering • Inhabitants hunt large animals until climate warms • 12,000 to 10,000 years ago hunt small game, gather nuts and berries Agriculture Develops • Planting of crops begins in central Mexico 10,000 to 5,000 years ago • Some cultures remain nomadic —moving in search of food and water Peopling the Americas 1 SECTION NEXT Map
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Early Cultures of the Americas • About 3,000 years ago, inhabitants begin forming large communities Complex Societies Flourish in the Americas 1 SECTION Empires of Middle and South America • The Olmec flourish 1200 to 400 B.C . along Gulf of Mexico A.D. 250 to 900, Maya culture thrives in Guatemala and Yucatán Aztec begin building civilization in the Valley of Mexico in 1200s Inca establish empire around A.D. 1200 in western South America • Cultures have cities or ceremonial centers; some have writing NEXT Continued . . . Map
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continued Complex Societies Flourish in the Americas Ancient Desert Farmers • About 3,000 years ago, groups begin growing crops in Southwest • Groups establish civilizations, 300 B.C. to A.D. 1400 - Hohokam settle in river valleys - Anasazi live in mesa tops, cliff sides, canyons 1 SECTION Mound Builders • In East, Adena , Hopewell , Mississippian establish trading societies Adena, Hopewell build huge burial and animal- shaped mounds Mississippian people build giant pyramidal mounds NEXT Image
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Section 2 North American Societies Around 1492 The varied landscapes of North America encourage the diversity of Native American cultures. NEXT
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California Kashaya Pomo hunt waterfowl along northwest coast • Yurok, Hupa gather acorns in forests, fish in mountain streams Northwest Coast • Large communities live along streams, seashore, and in forests Kwakiutl , Nootka, Haida gather shellfish, hunt whales, otters, seals • Place totems, symbols of ancestral spirits, on masks, boats, poles • Potlatches—families give away possessions in special ceremonies North American Societies Around 1492 2 SECTION Continued . . . NEXT
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A_CHAPTER01 - Three Worlds Meet Native Americans and...

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