A_CHAPTER02 - The American Colonies Emerge Spain...

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Malinche, a slave fluent in Maya and Aztec, served as interpreter for the conqueror Hernando Cortés. The American Colonies Emerge Spain establishes an American empire, devastating native populations. England forces the Dutch from North America and establishes thirteen colonies. NEXT
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SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Spain’s Empire in the Americas An English Settlement at Jamestown Puritan New England Settlement of the Middle Colonies NEXT The American Colonies Emerge
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Section 1 Spain’s Empire in the Americas Throughout the 1500s and 1600s, the Spanish conquer Central and portions of North America. NEXT
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The Spanish Claim a New Empire Cortés Subdues the Aztec Conquistadors (conquerors)—Spanish explorers, seek gold, silver • 1519 Hernándo Cortés leads army into Americas, claims land for Spain • Aztec dominate region; Nahua people who resent Aztec join Cortés • Montezuma thinks Cortés a god; gives him share of Aztec gold • In 1520 Aztec rebel; in 1521 Spanish and their allies defeat Aztec • Cortés founds Mexico City, New Spain colony on Tenochtitlán ruins Spain’s Empire in the Americas 1 SECTION Continued . . . NEXT Map
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Spanish Pattern of Conquest • Spanish settlers mostly men, called peninsulares; marry native women Mestizo —person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry • Landlords use encomienda —force natives to farm, ranch, mine • Priests object, encomienda abolished ; Africans brought as slaves continued The Spanish Claim a New Empire 1 SECTION NEXT
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The Conquistadors Push North Other Countries Explore North America • England, France, Netherlands sponsor voyages in 1500s and 1600s 1 SECTION NEXT Exploring Florida Juan Ponce de León discovers and names La Florida (1513) • Pedro Menéndez de Avilés expels French, founds St. Augustine (1565) Settling the Southwest • In 1540, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado leads expedition to Southwest • Pedro de Peralta, governor of New Mexico , Spain’s northern holdings • He helps found Santa Fe (1609–1610); several missions built in area Map Image
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A_CHAPTER02 - The American Colonies Emerge Spain...

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