A_CHAPTER03

A_CHAPTER03 - The Colonies Come of Age Britain defeats...

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Women planting a field of onions at Wethersfield. The Colonies Come of Age Britain defeats France in North America. Tensions grow between Britain and its colonists. Colonial slavery becomes entrenched, particularly in the South. NEXT
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NEXT The Colonies Come of Age SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 England and Its Colonies The Agricultural South The Commercial North The French and Indian War
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Section 1 England and Its Colonies England and its largely self-governing colonies prosper under a mutually beneficial trade relationship. NEXT
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England and Its Colonies Prosper Mercantilism • English settlers export raw materials; import manufactured goods Mercantilism countries must get gold, silver to be self-sufficient • Favorable balance of trade means more gold coming in than going out England and Its Colonies 1 SECTION NEXT The Navigation Acts Parliament England’s legislative body • England sees colonial sales to other countries as economic threat • 1651 Parliament passes Navigation Acts : laws restrict colonial trade Map Chart
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Crackdown in Massachusetts • Some colonists resent Navigation Acts; still smuggle goods abroad • In 1684 King Charles revokes corporate charter; creates royal colony Tensions Emerge 1 SECTION NEXT The Dominion of New England • In 1685, King James creates Dominion of New England - land from southern Maine to New Jersey united into one colony - to make colony more obedient, Dominion placed under single ruler • Governor Sir Edmund Andros antagonizes Puritans, merchants Continued . . . Image
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continued Tensions Emerge The Glorious Revolution • King James unpopular in England: is Catholic, disrespects Parliament Glorious Revolution Parliament asserts its power over monarch, 1689 • Parliament crowns Mary (James’s daughter) and William of Orange • Massachusetts colonists arrest Governor Andros, royal councilors • Parliament restores separate colonial charters • 1691 Massachusetts charter has royal governor, religious toleration 1 SECTION NEXT Image
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England Loosens the Reins Salutary Neglect • Smuggling trials in admiralty courts with English judges, no juries • Board of Trade has broad powers to monitor colonial trade • England’s salutary neglect does not enforce laws if economic loyalty 1 SECTION NEXT The Seeds of Self-Government • Governor: calls, disbands assembly; appoints judges; oversees trade • Colonial assembly influences governor because they pay his salary • Colonists still consider themselves British but want self-government
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A_CHAPTER03 - The Colonies Come of Age Britain defeats...

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