A_CHAPTER04 - The War for Independence Thomas Jefferson...

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George Washington. The War for Independence Thomas Jefferson draws on Enlightenment ideas in drafting the Declaration of Independence. The colonies defeat Great Britain in the Revolutionary War. NEXT
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SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 The Stirrings of Rebellion Ideas Help Start a Revolution Struggling Toward Saratoga Winning the War NEXT The War for Independence
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Section 1 The Stirrings of Rebellion Conflict between Great Britain and the American colonies grows over issues of taxation, representation, and liberty. NEXT
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The Colonies Organize to Resist Britain The Stamp Act Stamp Act (1765)—requires stamped paper for documents, printed items The Stirrings of Rebellion 1 SECTION NEXT Stamp Act Protests Samuel Adams helps found Sons of Liberty, secret resistance group: - harass customs workers, stamp agents, royal governors • Stamp Act Congress—colonies can’t be taxed without representation • Colonial merchants boycott British goods until Stamp Act repealed • Parliament repeals Stamp Act; passes Declaratory Act same day (1766) Continued . . .
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The Townshend Acts Townshend Acts (1767) levy duties on imported materials, tea • Colonists enraged; Samuel Adams organizes boycott • Women stop buying British luxuries; join spinning bees; boycott tea • Customs agents seize John Hancock’s ship Liberty for unpaid taxes • Colonists riot; 2,000 British soldiers stationed in Boston continued The Colonies Organize to Resist Britain 1 SECTION NEXT Image
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Tension Mounts in Massachusetts The Boston Massacre • Soldiers compete with colonists for shipyard jobs Boston Massacre (1770)—mob throws stones, British fire, kill five • 1772, colonists burn customs ship; suspects to be tried in Britain Committees of correspondence discuss threat to freedom, form network 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Image The Boston Tea Party • 1773 Tea Act lets East India Company avoid tax, undersell colonists Boston Tea Party disguised colonists dump 18,000 lbs. tea in harbor
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continued Tension Mounts in Massachusetts The Intolerable Acts King George III , British king, is angered by destruction of tea • 1774, Parliament passes Intolerable Acts as response to Tea Party • Acts close Boston Harbor, quarter soldiers in empty homes, buildings • General Thomas Gage puts Boston under martial law —rule by military • First Continental Congress claims colonial rights, supports protests 1 SECTION NEXT
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To Concord, By the Lexington Road • Civilian militia or minutemen begin to stockpile firearms, 1775 • Resistance leaders John Hancock, Samuel Adams
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A_CHAPTER04 - The War for Independence Thomas Jefferson...

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