A_CHAPTER06 - Launching the New Nation George Washington...

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George Washington. Portrait (1796), Gilbert Stuart. Launching the New Nation George Washington becomes the first president. President Thomas Jefferson doubles U.S. territory with the Louisiana Purchase. The U.S. fights the British in the War of 1812. NEXT
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SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Washington Heads the New Government Foreign Affairs Trouble the Nation Jefferson Alters the Nation’s Course The War of 1812 NEXT Launching the New Nation
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Section 1 Washington Heads the New Government President Washington transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a real government. NEXT
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The New Government Takes Shape Judiciary Act of 1789 Judiciary Act of 1789 creates Supreme, 3 circuit, 13 district courts • State court decisions may be appealed to federal courts Washington Heads the New Government 1 SECTION NEXT Washington Shapes the Executive Branch • Washington elected first president of U.S. in 1789 - executive branch is president, vice president • Congress creates State, War, Treasury Departments Alexander Hamilton becomes secretary of treasury • Washington adds attorney general; these Department heads are Cabinet Image
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Hamilton and Jefferson in Conflict • Hamilton: strong central government led by wealthy, educated • Jefferson: strong state, local government; people’s participation • Hamilton has Northern support; Jefferson has Southern, Western Hamilton and Jefferson Debate 1 SECTION NEXT Hamilton’s Economic Plan • U.S. owes millions to foreign countries, private citizens • Plan—pay foreign debt, issue new bonds, assume states’ debt • Some Southern states have paid debts, against taxes to pay for North Continued . . . Chart
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continued Hamilton and Jefferson Debate Plan for a National Bank • Hamilton proposes Bank of the United States : - funded by government, private investors - issue paper money, handle taxes • Disagreement over Congressional authority to establish bank • Debate begins over strict and loose interpretation of Constitution 1 SECTION NEXT The District of Columbia • To win Southern support for his debt plan, Hamilton suggests: - moving nation’s capital from NYC to South • Washington, D.C. planned on grand scale; government seat by 1800
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The First Political Parties and Rebellion Federalists and Democratic-Republicans • Split in Washington’s cabinet leads to first U.S. political parties: - Jefferson’s allies: Democratic-Republicans - Hamilton’s allies: Federalists Two-party system established as two major parties compete for power 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . .
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continued The First Political Parties and Rebellion The Whiskey Rebellion Protective tariff — import tax on goods produced overseas Excise tax charged on product’s manufacture, sale, or distribution • In 1794, Pennsylvania farmers refuse to pay
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A_CHAPTER06 - Launching the New Nation George Washington...

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