A_CHAPTER07 - Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism...

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Men looking over cotton. Art, Edgar Degas. Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism Changes in manufacturing launch an Industrial Revolution. Slavery and other issues divide the North and South. Andrew Jackson has popular appeal but uproots many Native Americans. NEXT
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SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Regional Economies Create Differences Nationalism at Center Stage The Age of Jackson States’ Rights and the National Bank NEXT Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism
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Section 1 Regional Economies Create Differences The North and the South develop different economic systems that lead to political differences between the regions. NEXT
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Another Revolution Affects America Changes in Manufacturing By 1801, inventor Eli Whitney pioneers use of interchangeable parts Interchangeable parts are identical pieces used to assemble products Factory system: power-driven machinery, workers with different tasks Mass production is production of goods in large quantities Industrial Revolution —social, economic reorganization: - machines replace hand tools - large-scale factory production develops - result of manufacturing changes Regional Economies Create Differences 1 SECTION NEXT Image Continued . . .
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Great Britain Starts a Revolution In 18 th century, British first generate power from streams, coal Develop power-driven machines for mass production, build factories 1 SECTION NEXT The Industrial Revolution in the United States After independence, U.S. income primarily from international trade Embargo Act of 1807, War of 1812 blockade shut down trade, shipping Americans begin to invest in domestic industries Continued . . . continued Another Revolution Affects America
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continued Another Revolution Affects America New England Industrializes Samuel Slater builds first thread factory in Pawtucket, RI (1793) Lowell, Appleton, Jackson mechanize all stages cloth making (1813) Build weaving factories in Waltham, MA and Lowell, MA By late 1820s, Lowell becomes booming manufacturing center Thousands—mostly young women—leave family farms to work in Lowell 1 SECTION NEXT Image
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Two Economic Systems Develop Agriculture in the North Cash crops do not grow well in Northern soil and climate Farms in North smaller than South In Old Northwest, farmers raise 1 or 2 types of crops, livestock - sell farm products at city markets; buy other items Grains do not need much labor or yield great profit: need no slaves Northern slavery dying out by late 1700s - most Northern states abolish slavery by 1804 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . .
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