A_CHAPTER11

A_CHAPTER11 - The Civil War In the bloody Civil War Union...

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Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States. The Civil War In the bloody Civil War, Union forces devastate the South and defeat the Confederacy. President Lincoln narrowly wins reelection, but is assassinated as the war ends. NEXT
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NEXT The Civil War SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 The Civil War Begins The Politics of War Life During Wartime The North Takes Charge SECTION 5 The Legacy of the War
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Section 1 The Civil War Begins The secession of Southern states cause the North and the South to take up arms. NEXT
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Confederates Fire on Fort Sumter The Confederacy Takes Control • Confederate soldiers take over government, military installations Fort Sumter —Union outpost in Charleston harbor • Confederates demand surrender of Fort Sumter The Civil War Begins 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Lincoln’s Dilemma • Reinforcing fort by force would lead rest of slave states to secede • Evacuating fort would legitimize Confederacy, endanger Union
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First Shots • Lincoln does not reinforce or evacuate, just sends food • For South, no action would damage sovereignty of Confederacy • Jefferson Davis chooses to turn peaceful secession into war - fires on Sumter April 12, 1861 1 SECTION NEXT continued Confederates Fire on Fort Sumter Virginia Secedes • Fall of Fort Sumter unites North; volunteers rush to enlist • Virginia unwilling to fight South; secedes from Union - antislavery western counties secede from VA • Three more states secede; border states remain in Union Image Map
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Americans Expect a Short War Union and Confederate Strategies • Union advantages: soldiers, factories, food, railroads • Confederate advantages: cotton profits, generals, motivation Anaconda plan : Union strategy to conquer South - blockade Southern ports - divide Confederacy in two in west - capture Richmond, Confederate capital • Confederate strategy: defense, invade North if opportunity arises 1 SECTION NEXT Bull Run Bull Run —first battle, near Washington; Confederate victory • Thomas J. Jackson called Stonewall Jackson for firm stand in battle Chart
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Union Armies in the West Protecting Washington, D.C. • After Bull Run, Lincoln calls for 1 million additional soldiers • Appoints General George McClellan to lead Army of the Potomac 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Forts Henry and Donelson • General Ulysses S. Grant —brave, tough, decisive commander in West • Feb. 1862, Grant captures Confederate Forts Henry, Donelson Image
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continued Union Armies in the West Shiloh • March1862, Confederate troops surprise Union soldiers at Shiloh • Grant counterattacks; Confederates retreat; thousands dead, wounded • Shiloh teaches preparation needed, Confederacy vulnerable in West 1 SECTION NEXT Farragut on the Lower Mississippi David G. Farragut commands fleet that takes New Orleans, April 1862 - takes Baton Rouge, Natchez Interactive
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A Revolution in Warfare Ironclads • New ironclad ships instrumental in victories of Grant, Farragut • Ironclads splinter wooden ships, withstand
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

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A_CHAPTER11 - The Civil War In the bloody Civil War Union...

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