A_CHAPTER13 - Changes on the Western Frontier The culture...

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Sitting Bull, great chief of Sioux nation. Changes on the Western Frontier The culture of the Plains Indians declines as white settlers transform the Great Plains. Meanwhile, farmers form the Populist movement to address their economic concerns. NEXT
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NEXT Changes on the Western Frontier SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 Cultures Clash on the Prairie Settling on the Great Plains Farmers and the Populist Movement
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Section 1 Cultures Clash on the Prairie The cattle industry booms in the late 1800s, as the culture of the Plains Indians declines. NEXT
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The Culture of the Plains Indians Life on the Plains Great Plains —grasslands in west-central portion of the U.S. • East: hunting, farming villages; west: nomadic hunting, gathering Cultures Clash on the Prairie 1 SECTION NEXT The Horse and the Buffalo • Horses, guns lead most Plains tribes to nomadic life by mid-1700s • Trespassing others’ hunting lands causes war; count coup for status • Buffalo provides many basic needs: - hides used for teepees, clothes, blankets - meat used for jerky, pemmican Image Continued . . .
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Family Life • Form family groups with ties to other bands that speak same language • Men are hunters, warriors; women butcher meat, prepare hides • Believe in powerful spirits that control natural world - men or women can become shamans • Children learn through myths, stories, games, example • Communal life; leaders rule by counsel 1 SECTION NEXT continued The Culture of the Plains Indians
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Settlers Push Westward Clash of Cultures • Native Americans: land cannot be owned; settlers: want to own land • Settlers think natives forfeited land because did not improve it • Since consider land unsettled, migrants go west to claim it 1 SECTION NEXT The Lure of Silver and Gold • 1858 discovery of gold in Colorado draws tens of thousands • Mining camps, tiny frontier towns have filthy, ramshackle dwellings • Fortune seekers of different cultures, races; mostly men Map Image
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The Government Restricts Native Americans Railroads Influence Government Policy • 1834, government designates Great Plains as one huge reservation • 1850s, treaties define specific boundaries for each tribe 1 SECTION NEXT Massacre at Sand Creek • Troops kill over 150 Cheyenne, Arapaho at Sand Creek winter camp Continued . . .
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continued The Government Restricts Native Americans Death on the Bozeman Trail • Bozeman Trail crosses Sioux hunting grounds - Red Cloud asks for end of settlements; Crazy Horse ambushes troops Treaty of Fort Laramie —U.S. closes trail; Sioux to reservation Sitting Bull , leader of Hunkpapa Sioux, does not sign treaty 1 SECTION NEXT
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Bloody Battles Continue Red River War • 1868, Kiowa, Comanche engage in 6 years of raiding • 1874–1875, U. S. Army crushes resistance on Plains
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A_CHAPTER13 - Changes on the Western Frontier The culture...

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