A_CHAPTER14

A_CHAPTER14 - A New Industrial Age Natural resources and...

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Advertisement for Chicago & Alton Railroad. A New Industrial Age Natural resources and new ideas create a boom for industry and railroads. Government addresses corruption in business, and laborers organize for better working conditions. NEXT
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NEXT A New Industrial Age SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 The Expansion of Industry The Age of the Railroads Big Business and Labor
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Section 1 The Expansion of Industry At the end of the 19 th century, natural resources, creative ideas, and growing markets fuel an industrial boom. NEXT
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Natural Resources Fuel Industrialization The Growth of Industry • By 1920s, U.S. is world’s leading industrial power, due to: - wealth of natural resources - government support for business - growing urban population The Expansion of Industry 1 SECTION NEXT Black Gold • Pre-European arrival, Native Americans make fuel, medicine from oil • 1859, Edwin L. Drake successfully uses steam engine to drill for oil • Petroleum-refining industry first makes kerosene, then gasoline Continued . . .
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Bessemer Steel Process • Abundant deposits of coal, iron spur industry Bessemer process puts air into iron to remove carbon to make steel • Later open-hearth process makes steel from scrap or raw materials 1 SECTION NEXT continued Natural Resources Fuel Industrialization New Uses for Steel • Steel used in railroads, barbed wire, farm machines • Changes construction: Brooklyn Bridge; steel-framed skyscrapers Map
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Inventions Promote Change An Age of Inventions • Numerous new inventions change the landscape, life, work 1 SECTION NEXT The Power of Electricity • 1876, Thomas Alva Edison establishes first research laboratory - 1880, patents incandescent light bulb - creates system for electrical production, distribution • Electricity changes business; by 1890, runs numerous machines • Becomes available in homes; encourages invention of appliances • Allows manufacturers to locate plants anyplace; industry grows Continued . . . Chart
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continued Inventions Promote Change Inventions Change Lifestyles Christopher Sholes invents typewriter in 1867 • 1876, Alexander Graham Bell , Thomas Watson introduce telephone • Office work changes; by 1910, women are 40% of clerical workers • Inventions impact factory work, lead to industrialization - clothing factories hire many women • Industrialization makes jobs easier; improves standard of living - by 1890, average workweek 10 hours shorter - as consumers, workers regain power in market • Some laborers think mechanization reduces value of human worker 1 SECTION NEXT Map
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The Age of the Railroads The growth and consolidation of railroads benefits the nation but also leads to corruption and required government regulation. NEXT
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

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A_CHAPTER14 - A New Industrial Age Natural resources and...

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