A_CHAPTER16 - th Life at the Turn of the 20 Century New...

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Flatiron Building under construction in New York City (finished in 1902). Life at the Turn of the 20 th Century New technologies improve urban living, and a modern mass culture emerges. Reforms in public education raise literacy rates. African Americans work to end legal discrimination. NEXT
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SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Science and Urban Life Expanding Public Education Segregation and Discrimination The Dawn of Mass Culture NEXT Life at the Turn of the 20 th Century
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Section 1 Science and Urban Life Advances in science and technology help solve urban problems, including overcrowding. NEXT
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Technology and City Life Skyscrapers • 1890, 58 cities have 50,000 people; 1900, 4 of 10 people in cities • Invention of elevators, internal steel skeletons lead to skyscrapers - Louis Sullivan designs Wainwright Building • Skyscrapers solve urban problem of limited, expensive space - Daniel Burnham designs Flatiron Building Science and Urban Life 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . .
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Electric Transit • Before Civil War, horse-drawn streetcars run on iron rails • By 1900, electric streetcars (trolleys) run from suburbs to downtown • Some cities build elevated trains or subways 1 SECTION NEXT continued Technology and City Life Continued . . .
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Engineering and Urban Planning • Steel-cable suspension bridges link city sections • Need for open spaces inspires science of urban planning Frederick Law Olmstead spearheads movement for planned urban parks - 1857, helps design Central Park 1 SECTION NEXT continued Technology and City Life City Planning • Chicago’s population growth results in unregulated expansion • Daniel Burnham draws plan for city with parks along Lake Michigan - designs White City for 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition Image
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New Technologies A Revolution in Printing • By 1890, U.S. literacy rate almost 90% • Growing demand for newspapers, magazines, books • Mills produce cheap paper that withstands high- speed presses • Faster production, lower costs make periodicals more affordable 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . .
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continued New Technologies Airplanes Orville , Wilbur Wright use engines to fly “heavier- than-air” craft - first successful flight Dec. 1903 • By 1920, first transcontinental air mail established 1 SECTION NEXT Photography Explosion • Pre-1880s, photography requires heavy equipment, time George Eastman develops light-weight equipment, studio processing • 1888, introduces Kodak camera, easy to operate - millions use Kodak camera - helps create field of photojournalism Image
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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A_CHAPTER16 - th Life at the Turn of the 20 Century New...

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