A_CHAPTER17 - The Progressive Era Amid great political and...

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Two suffragettes. The Progressive Era Amid great political and social change, women gain a larger public role and lead the call for reform. President Theodore Roosevelt dubs his reform policies a Square Deal. NEXT
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NEXT The Progressive Era SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 The Origins of Progressivism Women in Public Life Teddy Roosevelt’s Square Deal Progressivism Under Taft SECTION 5 Wilson’s New Freedom
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Section 1 The Origins of Progressivism Political, economic, and social change in late 19 th century America leads to broad progressive reforms. NEXT
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Four Goals of Progressivism Concerns of Progressives • Early 1900s, middle-class reformers address problems of 1890s • Different reform efforts collectively called progressive movement • Reformers aim to restore economic opportunity, correct injustice by: - protecting social welfare, promoting moral improvement - creating economic reform, fostering efficiency The Origins of Progressivism 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . .
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Protecting Social Welfare • Social Gospel, settlement houses inspire other reform groups Florence Kelley , political activist, advocate for women, children - helps pass law prohibiting child labor, limiting women’s hours 1 SECTION NEXT continued Four Goals of Progressivism Promoting Moral Improvement • Some feel poor should uplift selves by improving own behavior Prohibition —banning of alcoholic drinks • Woman’s Christian Temperance Union spearheads prohibition crusade Image Continued . . .
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continued Four Goals of Progressivism Creating Economic Reform • 1893 panic prompts doubts about capitalism; many become socialists Muckrakers —journalists who expose corruption in politics, business 1 SECTION NEXT Fostering Efficiency • Many use experts, science to make society, workplace more efficient • Louis D. Brandeis uses social scientists’ data in trial Scientific management —time and motion studies applied to workplace • Assembly lines speed up production, make people work like machines - cause high worker turnover
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Cleaning Up Local Government Reforming Local Government • Reformers try to make government efficient, responsive to voters • Some cities adopt government by commission of experts • Many use council-manager: people elect council that appoints manager 1 SECTION NEXT Reform Mayors • Hazen Pingree of Detroit tackles taxes, transit fares, corruption • Socialist Tom Johnson of Cleveland fights corrupt utility companies
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Reform Governors • Governors push states to pass laws to regulate large businesses Robert M. La Follette is 3-term governor, then senator of Wisconsin - attacks big business 1 SECTION NEXT Protecting Working Children • Child workers get lower wages, small hands handle small parts better - families need children’s wages • National Child Labor Committee gathers evidence of harsh conditions • Labor unions argue children’s wages lower all wages • Groups press government to ban child labor, cut hours Continued . . . Chart
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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A_CHAPTER17 - The Progressive Era Amid great political and...

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