A_CHAPTER18 - America Claims an Empire Global competition...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
U.S. fleet. America Claims an Empire Global competition prompts the United States to expand its influence and territory, engage in conflicts around the globe, and build the Panama Canal. NEXT
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Imperialism and America The Spanish-American War Acquiring New Lands America as a World Power NEXT America Claims an Empire
Background image of page 2
Section 1 Imperialism and America Beginning in 1867 and continuing through the century, global competition causes the United States to expand. NEXT
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
American Expansionism Global Competition Imperialism —policy of extending control over weaker nations • In 1800s, Europeans divide up most of Africa, compete for China • Japan joins race for China; U.S. decides to expand overseas Imperialism and America 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Map Desire for Military Strength • Admiral Alfred T. Mahan urges U.S. to build up navy to compete • U.S. builds modern battleships, becomes third largest naval power
Background image of page 4
Thirst for New Markets • U.S. farms, factories produce more than Americans can consume • U.S. needs raw materials, new markets for goods • Foreign trade: solution to overproduction, unemployment, depression 1 SECTION NEXT continued American Expansionism Belief in Cultural Superiority • Some combine Social Darwinism, belief in superiority of Anglo-Saxons • Argue U.S. has duty to Christianize, civilize “inferior peoples”
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The United States Acquires Alaska Early Expansion William Seward —Secretary of State under Lincoln, Johnson • 1867, arranges purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million - has trouble convincing House to fund purchase - Alaska called “Seward’s Icebox,” “Seward’s Folly” • Alaska rich in timber, minerals, oil 1 SECTION NEXT Image
Background image of page 6
The United States Takes Hawaii The Cry for Annexation • Since 1790s, U.S. merchants stop in Hawaii on way to China, India • 1820s, Yankee missionaries found schools, churches on islands • Mid-1800s, American-owned sugar plantations 75% of islands’ wealth • 1887, U.S. pressures Hawaii to allow naval base at Pearl Harbor - becomes refueling station • 1890 McKinley Tariff eliminates duty-free status of Hawaiian sugar • Planters call for U.S. to annex islands so will not have to pay duty 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . .
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
continued The United States Takes Hawaii The End of a Monarchy • 1887, businessmen force King Kalakaua to limit vote to landowners Queen Liliuokalani tries to remove landowning requirement • With help of marines, business groups overthrow queen • Set up government headed by Sanford B. Dole • President Cleveland cannot make Dole surrender power to queen - recognizes Republic of Hawaii • Under President McKinley, Congress proclaims Hawaii U.S. territory 1 SECTION NEXT Image
Background image of page 8
The Spanish-American War In 1898, the United States goes to war to help Cuba win its independence from Spain. NEXT
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Page1 / 33

A_CHAPTER18 - America Claims an Empire Global competition...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online