A_CHAPTER24

A_CHAPTER24 - Adolf Hitler speaking over the radio...

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Unformatted text preview: Adolf Hitler speaking over the radio microphone (May 9, 1934). World War Looms Germany invades neighboring countries and launches the Holocaust— the systematic killing of millions of Jews and other “non-Aryans.” The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor ushers the U.S. into World War II. NEXT SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Dictators Threaten World Peace War in Europe The Holocaust America Moves Toward War NEXT World War Looms Section 1 Dictators Threaten World Peace The rise of rulers with total power in Europe and Asia lead to World War II. NEXT Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia Failures of the World War I Peace Settlement • Treaty of Versailles causes anger, resentment in Europe • Germany resents blame for war, loss of colonies, border territories • Russia resents loss of lands used to create other nations • New democracies flounder under social, economic problems • Dictators rise; driven by nationalism, desire for more territory Dictators Threaten World Peace 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Joseph Stalin transforms the Soviet Union • 1922 V. I. Lenin establishes Soviet Union after civil war • 1924 Joseph Stalin takes over:- replaces private farms with collectives- creates second largest industrial power; famines kill millions- purges anyone who threatens his power; 8–13 million killed • Totalitarian government exerts almost complete control over people 1 SECTION NEXT continued Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia Continued . . . Image continued Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia The Rise of Fascism in Italy • Unemployment, inflation lead to bitter strikes, some communist-led • Middle, upper classes want stronger leaders • Fascism stresses nationalism, needs of state above individual • Benito Mussolini plays on fears of economic collapse, communism • Supported by government officials, police, army • 1922 appointed head of government, establishes totalitarian state 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Image continued Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia The Nazis Take Over Germany • Adolf Hitler leader of National Sot German Workers’ Party • Mein Kampf —basic beliefs of Nazism , based on extreme nationalism • Wants to unite German-speaking people, enforce racial “purification” • 1932, 6 million unemployed; many men join Hitler’s private army • Nazis become strongest political party; Hitler named chancellor • Dismantles democratic Weimar Republic; establishes Third Reich 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . continued Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia Militarists Gain Control in Japan • 1931, Nationalist military leaders seize Manchuria • League of Nations condemns action; Japan quits League • Militarists take control of Japanese government 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . ....
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

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A_CHAPTER24 - Adolf Hitler speaking over the radio...

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