A_CHAPTER27 - The Postwar Boom Many Americans enjoy new...

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A portion of Levittown, a mass-produced suburb on Long Island, New York, 25 miles east of Manhattan (1948). The Postwar Boom Many Americans enjoy new material comforts and new forms of entertainment during the post- war economic boom. Yet racial gaps remain, and millions continue to live in poverty. NEXT
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SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Postwar America The American Dream in the Fifties Popular Culture The Other America NEXT The Postwar Boom
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Section 1 Postwar America The Truman and Eisenhower administrations lead the nation to make social, economic, and political adjustments following World War II. NEXT
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Readjustment and Recovery The Impact of the GI Bill • 1944 GI Bill of Rights eases veterans’ return to civilian life • Pays partial tuition, unemployment benefits; provides loans Postwar America 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Housing Crisis • 10 million returning veterans face housing shortage • Developers use assembly-line methods to mass- produce houses • Build suburbs —small residential communities around cities
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Redefining the Family • Tensions from changed gender roles during war increase divorce rate 1 SECTION NEXT continued Readjustment and Recovery Economic Readjustment • Over 1 million defense workers laid off; wages drop for many workers • Price controls end; 25% increase in cost of scarce consumer goods • Congress reestablishes price, wage, rent controls Remarkable Recovery • People have savings, service pay, war bonds; buy goods long missed • Cold War keeps defense spending up; foreign aid creates markets Chart
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Meeting Economic Challenges President Truman’s Inheritance Harry S. Truman can make difficult decisions, take responsibility 1 SECTION NEXT Truman Faces Strikes • 1946, higher prices, lower wages lead 4.5 million to strike • Truman seizes mines, threatens to take over railroads • Threatens to draft workers; unions give in “Had Enough?” • Republicans win Senate, House; ignore Truman’s domestic policy • Congress passes Taft-Hartley Act, overturns many union rights
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Social Unrest Persists Truman Supports Civil Rights • African Americans, especially veterans, demand rights as citizens • Congress rejects civil rights laws; Truman issues executive orders: - integrates armed forces; ends discrimination in government hiring 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Image The 1948 Election • Southern Democrats— Dixiecrats —protest civil rights, form own party • Truman calls special session; asks Congress for social legislation • Congress refuses; Truman goes on “whistlestop campaign”
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continued Social Unrest Persists Stunning Upset • Truman defeats Thomas E. Dewey in close political upset • Democrats regain control of Congress, lose some Southern states 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . The Fair Deal
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A_CHAPTER27 - The Postwar Boom Many Americans enjoy new...

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