A_CHAPTER30 - The Vietnam War Years The United States...

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A U.S. marine in Vietnam (1968). The Vietnam War Years The United States becomes locked in a military stalemate in Southeast Asia. U.S. forces withdraw after a decade of heavy war casualties abroad and assassinations and antiwar demonstrations at home. NEXT
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NEXT The Vietnam War Years SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Moving Toward Conflict U.S. Involvement and Escalation A Nation Divided 1968: A Tumultuous Year SECTION 5 The End of the War and Its Legacy
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Section 1 Moving Toward Conflict To stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia, the United States uses its military to support South Vietnam. NEXT
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America Supports France in Vietnam French Rule in Vietnam • Late 1800s–WW II, France rules most of Indochina Ho Chi Minh —leader of Vietnamese independence movement - helps create Indochinese Communist Party • 1940, Japanese take control of Vietnam Vietminh —organization that aims to rid Vietnam of foreign rule • Sept. 1945, Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam an independent nation Moving Toward Conflict 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Image
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France Battles the Vietminh • French troops move into Vietnam; French fight, regain cities, South • 1950, U.S. begins economic aid to France to stop communism 1 SECTION NEXT continued America Supports France in Vietnam The Vietminh Drive Out the French Domino theory —countries can fall to communism like row of dominoes • 1954, Vietminh overrun French at Dien Bien Phu ; France surrenders Geneva Accords divide Vietnam at 17 th parallel; Communists get north • Election to unify country called for in 1956 Map
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The United States Steps In Diem Cancels Elections • Ho has brutal, repressive regime but is popular for land distribution • S. Vietnam’s anti-Communist president Ngo Dinh Diem refuses election • U.S. promises military aid for stable, reform government in South • Diem corrupt, stifles opposition, restricts Buddhism Vietcong (Communist opposition group in South) kills officials • Ho sends arms to Vietcong along Ho Chi Minh Trail 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Map
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continued The United States Steps In Kennedy and Vietnam • Like Eisenhower, JFK backs Diem financially; sends military advisers • Diem’s popularity plummets from corruption, lack of land reform • Diem starts strategic hamlet program to fight Vietcong - villagers resent being moved from ancestral homes • Diem presses attacks on Buddhism; monks burn themselves in protest • U.S.-supported military coup topples government; Diem assassinated 1 SECTION NEXT
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President Johnson Expands the Conflict The South Grows More Unstable • Succession of military leaders rule S. Vietnam; country unstable • LBJ thinks U.S. can lose international prestige if communists win 1 SECTION NEXT The Tonkin Gulf Resolution • Alleged attack in Gulf of Tonkin; LBJ asks for power to repel enemy • 1964 Tonkin Gulf Resolution gives him broad military powers • 1965 8 Americans killed, LBJ orders sustained bombing of North • U.S. combat troops sent to S. Vietnam to battle Vietcong
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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A_CHAPTER30 - The Vietnam War Years The United States...

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