A_CHAPTER32 - An Age of Limits President Nixon reaches out to Communist nations but leaves office disgraced by the Watergate scandal His successors

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President Richard Nixon and his assistant, H. R. Haldeman (right), in front of White House (1969). An Age of Limits President Nixon reaches out to Communist nations, but leaves office disgraced by the Watergate scandal. His successors face a sluggish economy, environmental concerns, and a revolution in Iran. NEXT
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SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 The Nixon Administration Watergate: Nixon’s Downfall The Ford and Carter Years Environmental Activism NEXT An Age of Limits
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Section 1 The Nixon Administration President Richard M. Nixon tries to steer the country in a conservative direction and away from federal control. NEXT
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Nixon’s New Conservatism New Federalism Richard M. Nixon : decrease size and influence of federal government New Federalism —give part of federal power to state, local government • Nixon proposes revenue sharing , which becomes law in 1972: - state, local governments now decide how to spend federal money The Nixon Administration 1 SECTION NEXT Continued . . . Welfare Reform Family Assistance Plan gives family of four a base income • Senate liberals, conservatives defeat bill
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New Federalism Wears Two Faces • Nixon backs some social spending increases to win Democratic support • Tries to dismantle some programs, impounds funds for others - courts order release of impounded funds 1 SECTION NEXT continued Nixon’s New Conservatism Law and Order Politics • Nixon moves aggressively to end war, mend divisiveness in country • Begins law and order policies to end riots, demonstrations - sometimes uses illegal tactics
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Nixon’s Southern Strategy A New South • Southern Democrats help segregationist George Wallace win 5 states • Nixon: win over Southern Democrats for votes, majority in Congress - Southern strategy —appeal to dislike of desegregation, Supreme Court 1 SECTION NEXT Nixon Slows Integration • To attract white voters in South, Nixon slows desegregation • Supreme Court orders Nixon to comply with Brown ruling • Nixon opposes extension of Voting Rights Act but Congress extends it Continued . . . Chart
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continued Nixon’s Southern Strategy Controversy over Busing • Supreme Court rules school districts may bus to end segregation • Students, parents in some cities protest angrily • Nixon goes on national tv to urge Congress to halt busing 1 SECTION NEXT A Battle over the Supreme Court • 1969, Nixon appoints Warren Burger as chief justice • Also appoints 3 associate justices; makes Court more conservative • Court does not always vote conservative Image
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Confronting a Stagnant Economy The Causes of Stagflation Stagflation —combination of high inflation, high unemployment • Inflation result of LBJ’s deficit spending on war, social programs • Unemployment from more international trade, new workers • Rising oil prices, U.S. dependence on foreign oil add to inflation Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) controls prices 1 SECTION NEXT Nixon Battles Stagflation • Nixon tries different strategies; none have much success Map
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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A_CHAPTER32 - An Age of Limits President Nixon reaches out to Communist nations but leaves office disgraced by the Watergate scandal His successors

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