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am_eng_ch1 - The Americans(Survey Chapter 1 TELESCOPING THE...

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1 The Americans (Survey) Chapter 1: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Three Worlds Meet CHAPTER OVERVIEW Native Americans create complex societies spread throughout the continents. Peoples in Europe and Africa develop their own cultures, which will eventually contribute to American society. Section 1: Peopling the Americas MAIN IDEA In ancient times, migrating peoples settled the Americas, where their descendants developed complex societies. In the last Ice Age, sea water was frozen into glaciers. This lowered sea levels and revealed a bridge of land between Asia and Alaska. About 40,000 years ago, people first crossed that bridge to the Americas. Some 30,000 years later, the Ice Age ended, and the sea covered the land bridge again. The change in climate made large game disappear. The people began to hunt smaller animals, to fish, and to gather nuts and berries. They settled both North and South America. Between 10,000 and 5,000 years ago, people in central Mexico began to farm. They first grew maize, or corn, but soon raised other crops. Farming spread throughout the Americas. When farming provided extra food, people could create more permanent settlements and complex societies. The Olmecs began their civilization in Mexico around 1200 B.C. They were followed by the Maya. The Aztec took control of central Mexico in the A.D. 1400s. In South America, the Incas created a large, rich empire beginning around A.D. 1200. All these cultures built large cities and religious centers.
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2 Between 300 B.C. and A.D. 1400, the Hohokam and Anasazi peoples had created civilizations in southwestern North America. Cultures east of the Mississippi River are called the Mound Builders for the large burial mounds they created. Section 2: North American Societies Around 1492 MAIN IDEA The varied landscapes of North America encouraged the diversity of Native American cultures.
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