am_eng_ch4 - The Americans (Survey) Chapter 4: TELESCOPING...

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1 The Americans (Survey) Chapter 4: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The War for Independence CHAPTER OVERVIEW The colonists’ clashes with the British government lead them to declare independence. With French aid, they overcame early setbacks to win their freedom from Great Britain. Section 1: The Stirrings of Rebellion MAIN IDEA Conflict between Great Britain and the American colonies grew over issues of taxation, representation, and liberty. Tensions grew again in 1765 when Parliament passed the Stamp Act. The new law required colonists to buy government stamps when buying anything from wills to playing cards. It was the first British tax to directly affect the average colonist. The colonists were outraged. Merchants vowed to boycott British goods until the act was repealed. Leaders from throughout the colonies met and declared that only colonial assemblies—not Parliament—could pass tax laws. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act but also insisted that it had the power to govern the colonies in all matters. It backed up the claim by passing the Townshend Acts, which imposed indirect taxes. Riots in Boston prompted the British to station troops there. In a tussle with local workers in 1770, the soldiers opened fire, killing five Bostonians. Fanning anger against the British, Samuel Adams called it the “Boston Massacre.” To calm feelings, the British government withdrew the taxes—except the one on tea. In 1773, the British tried to help a near-bankrupt British company by giving it a monopoly on the tea trade to the colonies, freezing out colonial merchants. In response, a group of Bostonians dressed as Native Americans boarded three ships and dumped crates of tea into Boston Harbor.
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2 Parliament passed a set of punishing laws that colonists called the Intolerable Acts. The port of Boston was closed and troops maintained law. In 1774 delegates from the colonies met in Philadelphia in the First Continental Congress. They issued a declaration
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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am_eng_ch4 - The Americans (Survey) Chapter 4: TELESCOPING...

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