am_eng_ch8 - The Americans(Survey Chapter 8 TELESCOPING THE...

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1 The Americans (Survey) Chapter 8: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Reforming American Society CHAPTER OVERVIEW A religious revival sweeps the United States. In its wake, many people press for reforms including the end of slavery, the granting of equal rights to women, and increased rights for workers. Section 1: Religion Sparks Reform MAIN IDEA A renewal of religious sentiment—known as the Second Great Awakening—inspired a host of reform movements. Jacksonian democracy emphasized individualism and personal responsibility. A growing movement extended those ideas to religion. In a renewal of religious fervor called the Second Great Awakening, preachers told their audiences that each person had the responsibility to seek salvation. They said that people could change themselves—and society. Under the influence of Charles Grandison Finney and other preachers, more people attended church. As the revival movement spread to the South, it helped African Americans develop a political voice. Richard Allen started an African American church in Philadelphia. In 1830, he began an annual convention of free blacks. In New England, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau became the voice for a group practicing Transcendentalism. This philosophical and literary movement urged people to live simple lives and seek the simple truths found in nature rather than following an organized system of belief. Thoreau, in particular, advocated a way to protest unjust laws called civil disobedience. At the same time, the Unitarian church arose. It objected to revival meetings as too emotional. However, Unitarian ministers also stressed faith in the power of the individual.
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2 Religious and social reform also inspired the establishment of ideal, or utopian communities. However, few of these communities lasted more than a few years. One of the most long-lasting was the Shaker community, followers of a religion based on simplicity and non-violence. Spurred by religious and reformist ideas, many people began to seek to improve society.
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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am_eng_ch8 - The Americans(Survey Chapter 8 TELESCOPING THE...

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