am_eng_ch10 - The Americans(Survey Chapter 10 TELESCOPING...

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1 The Americans (Survey) Chapter 10: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Union in Peril CHAPTER OVERVIEW The growing conflict over slavery divides North and South. When compromise fails, division results. After the election of 1860, Southern states secede from the Union. Section 1: The Divisive Politics of Slavery MAIN IDEA The issue of slavery dominated U.S. politics in the early 1850s. North and South had grown apart, each with its unique economy and society. The North was heavily industrialized, crossed by 20,000 miles of railroad track, and full of factories and booming cities. It was also home to new immigrants, who opposed slavery. The South remained a rural, agricultural society. Industry was not very well developed, and immigrants were few. As Congress debated a bill to fund the Mexican War, Congressman David Wilmot of Pennsylvania tried to add an amendment. It would ban slavery from any territory acquired in the war. Most members of Congress from the North supported the idea; those from the South bitterly opposed it. The Wilmot Proviso twice passed the House but failed in the Senate. The issue arose again when California applied for statehood as a free state in 1849. Southerners thought it should be a slave state since it mostly lay south of the Missouri Compromise line. Many Southerners threatened to pull their states from the Union. Henry Clay of Kentucky offered a compromise: admit California as a state but enact a stricter law for punishing runaway slaves. Clay won support from long-time foe Daniel Webster of Massachusetts, but John C. Calhoun of South Carolina led Southern opposition. When the compromise failed to pass, Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois took charge. He won
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2 passage by submitting each part of the compromise as a separate bill. After eight months of debate, the Compromise of 1850 became law. Section 2: Protest, Resistance, and Violence
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am_eng_ch10 - The Americans(Survey Chapter 10 TELESCOPING...

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