am_eng_ch11 - The Americans (Survey) Chapter 11:...

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1 The Americans (Survey) Chapter 11: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Civil War CHAPTER OVERVIEW For four bloody years, North and South struggle in the Civil War as the North tries to restore the Union and to end slavery. Finally, Northern advantages in population, industry, and resources ensure victory. Section 1: The Civil War Begins MAIN IDEA The secession of Southern states caused the North and the South to take up arms. The Confederate states seized federal property in the South. When Southern forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, in April of 1861, war began. After Lincoln called for volunteers, Virginia and three other states joined the Confederacy. Four border states that included slaves stayed in the Union. The Union had more people, more industry, more food, and more railroads, and a skilled leader in Lincoln. The Confederacy had able military leaders and armies motivated by defending their homes. Southerners hoped to use the British demand for cotton to their advantage, too. But the Confederate government was weak. The Union planned to blockade the South to prevent the sale of cotton and the arrival of supplies. It also hoped to seize the Mississippi River to split the South and to capture Richmond. In July, Northern and Southern troops met in the Battle of Bull Run near Washington, D.C. A Confederate rally late in the day turned into a stunning victory as the Union troops retreated.
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2 Northern forces achieved victories in the West. General Ulysses S. Grant captured two river forts and defended Shiloh, Tennessee. Admiral David Farragut captured New Orleans. The Civil War was fought with new technology. Rifled guns made shooting more accurate. New weapons appeared—primitive land mines and grenades, and ironclad warships, such as the Moniter and the Merrimack. Most deadly of all was the soft lead bullet called the minié ball. In the East, Union General George McClellan failed to capture Richmond. His opponent,
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GOVT 131 taught by Professor Kenroberts during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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am_eng_ch11 - The Americans (Survey) Chapter 11:...

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