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Jennifer DyerSPCE 689February 9, 2020Relias: Teaching Expressive Language1.Introductiona.People with autism develop language much later than neurotypicali.May not be functional2.How People Learn to Speaka.The Joy of Hearing the First Wordi.In ABA, language is described in terms of function.1.Begin with most meaningful language function then progress intomore abstractb.Typical Language Developmenti.Birth to 3 months – react to sounds, calms when spoken to, makespleasure sounds, cries differently according to needsii.4 to 6 months – follows sounds with eyes, responds to change in tone ofvoice, babbles and laughs, notices music and toys that make soundsiii.7 months to 1 year – plays peek a boo and pat a cake, looks in thedirection of sound, responds to “come here,” uses longer babbling,imitates speech sounds, says 1 or 2 words by first birthdayiv.1 year to 2 years – points to some body parts, uses new words on aconsistent basis, uses 2-word questions, uses consonant sounds at thebeginning of words, points to picture in booksv.2 to 3 years – has a word for almost everything, uses 2- or 3-word phrasesto describe and ask for items, speaks in a way that is understood by family,names objects to ask for them or direct attention to themvi.3 to 4 years – hears name when called from another room, answers wh-questions, talks about day’s activities, uses sentences with 4+ wordsvii.4 to 5 years – can answer questions about a short story, understands whatis said at home and school, provides detailed sentences, says most soundscorrectly, uses rhyming words, uses adult grammarc.Behavior Analytic Approach to Language Developmenti.Operant – unit of analysis of a behavior1.Operant conditioning occurs when behavior is strengthened orweakened by reinforcement or punishmentii.Verbal operants1.Mands – requests for something reinforcing2.Tacts – labeling3.Echoics – repeating what is heard4.Intraverbals – social exchange of verbal communication3.Mandsa.Language Rich vs. Systematici.Neurotypical children with develop language with lots of exposure
1.Children with autism and other developmental disorders need more