Last Lecture - Lecture 25 12/10/09 St. Augustine (354-430...

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Lecture 25 12/10/09 St. Augustine (354- 4 30 AD) Confessions Comes from Hippo in Northern Africa. His mother was a Christian. Originally his religious approach is more of Manicheanism. Manicheanism reflects the dualism of the world. Manicheanism believes the world, a fallen place, is created by demiurge. However, his idea of the cosmology of the world emphasizes oneness, a kind of totality, instead of dualism. Plotinus —God is the author of the world. Monotheistic approach. St. Augustine took over Plotinus’s idea and turned to Christianity. His paganism is in favor of monotheism. Stoicism in Confessions Polemics —St. Augustine’s writing is in a way to convert readers to believe in what he believes Confessions is polemical Neoplatonism St. Augustine initiated the concept of trinity p.846-8 Polemic tone, Stoicism, St. Auguestine’s comments on “Manichean follies” p.847 “…I myself applied through the mediation of those intoxicated with Manichean follies” p.834 “Childhood” “…I do not know where I came from.”— Consciousness is something formed later/the arise from nothingness Education Evil is the absence of Good. Original sin p.837 “…so tiny a child, so great a sinner” p.837-8 lust “. . . I abandoned you to pursue the lowest things of your creation. I was dust going to dust.” The desire of the body is at odds with the soul One can only free himself from lust by repressing sexual desire p.849 “As I was not a lover of marriage but a slave of lust , I procured another woman, not of course as wife. . . .” p.842 Dualism; body (negative association) vs. soul (positive association). “I was glad to be in bondage, tied with troublesome chains, with the result that I was flogged with the red-hot iron rods of jealousy suspicion, fear, anger, and contention.” “Yet physical things had no soul.” The issue of controlling
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course EUR 101 taught by Professor Westphalen during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Last Lecture - Lecture 25 12/10/09 St. Augustine (354-430...

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