Review_for_final_exam - Chapter 1-Introduction Inverse...

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Chapter 1--Introduction Inverse relationship between magnitude and frequency Characteristics/definition of ―natural disaster‖ Relationship of increasing population increase to increasing deaths in natural disasters Chapter 2 -- Plate Tectonics and Earth Structure Sources of Earth’s internal heat Definition of plate tectonics; driving force (release of Earth’s internal heat) Mechanisms that help move the plates (gravity and mantle convection) Layers of Earth, both in terms of plate tectonics (strength layers) and in terms of composition (density layers) Types of crust and their characteristics Types of plate boundaries (including types of convergent plate boundaries) and their characteristics Why volcanoes form near subduction zones Evidence for plate tectonics: magnetism of ocean floors locations of earthquakes, volcanoes, trenches age of ocean floors fit of continents Tectonic cycle Chapter 3 -- Earthquakes Earthquake sizes associated with each plate boundary type Mechanisms of strain release at plate boundaries Faults: types of faults – correlation to types of plate boundaries how to tell normal fault from reverse fault how to tell right-lateral strike-slip fault from left-lateral strike-slip fault Seismology: definitions of focus and epicenter types of seismic waves: body waves: P waves and S waves – motion, order of arrival surface waves: arrive last, greatest amplitude general idea of how a seismometer works (components of a seismometer)
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2010 for the course GEO 107 taught by Professor Stidham during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Review_for_final_exam - Chapter 1-Introduction Inverse...

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