Review 11-9 - Types of coal mining: strip mining, contour...

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Soil Pollution Types of soil pollution – inorganic, organic and salinization Sources of inorganic and organic soil pollution Techniques for cleaning soil Mineral Resources Definitions: reserves, resources, ore, concentration factor, disseminated deposit (kimberlites, diamonds), crystal settling deposit, placer deposit, hydrothermal deposit, regional metamorphism, contact metamorphism, evaporate deposit Relationship between price of mineral and amount of reserves of mineral Factors in deciding whether to mine a potential ore body Relationship between ore deposits and plate tectonics Environmental impact of mineral exploration and testing, mineral extraction and processing, mining waste, ways to minimize environmental impact Recycling mineral resources and achieving sustainability Energy Resources Definitions: fossil fuels, joule, watt Relative use of oil, coal, natural gas, nuclear, renewables as U.S. energy sources Relationship between energy consumption and GDP Steps and setting in formation of coal (peat, lignite, bituminous coal and anthracite)
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Unformatted text preview: Types of coal mining: strip mining, contour strip mining, mountaintop removal, underground mining Disadvantages of using coal Formation of acid rain, effect on soil nutrients and toxic metals, effects on nutrients and contaminants in water Definitions: peak oil, Hubbert curve, oil shale, tar sands, methane hydrate Time when worlds oil, coal or gas will be exhausted Composition of hydrocarbons, methane gas Steps in formation of oil and gas, necessary rock formations (source, reservoir and cap rocks), types of oil traps, recovery (primary and enhanced) Environmental impact of oil production Arguments for and against drilling in ANWR Comparison of pollutants from coal, oil, natural gas Nuclear power: recent decline, abundant but non-renewable uranium, ionizing radiation Chain reaction of fission, proportion of U-235, U-238, parts of reactor Burner reactor vs. breeder reactor Potential problems of nuclear power...
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