Review 10-15 - Glacial history of Long Island, glacial...

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Water Resources Water use: relation to U.S. population growth, relative amounts of surface water use vs. groundwater use, definitions and examples of offstream, consumptive and instream water use, industrial vs. irrigation Issues of water management: Colorado River and dams, Leopold philosophy, urban streams and effects of development on floods, storm surge barriers Water Pollution Concentrations in parts per million or ppm (also expressed as mg/liter of H 2 O) Types of common pollutants (source, characteristics): oxygen-demanding waste, pathogenic microbes, nutrients, oil, toxic waste, sediment pollution, thermal pollution Water quality standard definitions: MCL, MCLG, SMCL, fluoride example Point sources of pollution vs. nonpoint sources of pollution Issues of groundwater pollution and treatment (groundwater contamination plume characteristics)
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Unformatted text preview: Glacial history of Long Island, glacial moraines and glacial aquifers Coastal aquifers: water table is inclined oceanward, wedge of saltwater is inclined landward Saltwater intrusion mechanism by overpumping of groundwater, causes saltwater ascension Characteristics of Long Island groundwater (recharge basins) and sources of contamination New York City water: contributing drainage basins, water tunnels Soil Definitions of soil, soil horizons Factors in type of soil, fertility of soil, soil carbon and color of soil Processes in formation of soil Issues of land suitability for agriculture Factors and causes of soil erosion, soil erosion by water vs. soil erosion by wind, mitigation of soil erosion Production of grain for protein...
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