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Power emergence of conflict ppt - 2 PowerandPolitics...

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Power emergence of conflict ppt

Power emergence of conflict ppt - 2 PowerandPolitics...

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Power and Politics Power and Politics Power:  The ability of one  person or group to cause  another person or group to  do something that they  otherwise might not have  done. Organizational Politics:   Activities in which managers  engage to increase their  power and to pursue goals  that favor their individual  and group interests. 2
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The Dark Side of Power and Politics The Dark Side of Power and Politics Power and politics often  have negative connotations  because people associate  them with attempts to use  organizational resources  for personal advantage and  to achieve personal goals  at the expense of other  goals. 3
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The Bright Side The Bright Side Managers can use power to  control people and other  resources so that they  cooperate and help to achieve  an organization’s current  goals. Managers can use power to  engage in politics and  influence the decision-making  process to help promote new,  more appropriate  organizational goals. 4
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5 Insert Figure 18.1 here
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Sources of Individual Power Sources of Individual Power Formal individual power   is the power that stems  from a person’s position in  an organization’s  hierarchy. Informal individual  power  is the power that  stems from personal  characteristics. 6
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Sources of Formal Power Sources of Formal Power Legitimate Legitimate :  The power to control and use  organizational resources to accomplish  organizational goals. Reward Reward :  The power to give pay raises,  promotion, praise, interesting projects, and other  rewards to subordinates. Coercive Coercive : The power to give or withhold  punishment, such as suspension, termination, or  even the withholding of praise and goodwill. Information Information :  The power that stems from access  to and control over information. 7
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Sources of Informal Power Sources of Informal Power Expert Expert :  Informal power that stems from  superior ability or expertise. Referent Referent :  Informal power that stems from  being liked, admired, and respected. Charismatic Charismatic :  An intense form of referent  power that stems from an individual’s  personality or physical or other abilities,  which induce others to believe in and follow  that person. 8
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17-8 Political Strategies for Increasing Power Figure 17.4
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17-9 Political Strategies for Gaining and  Political Strategies for Gaining and  Maintaining Power Maintaining Power Strategies Controlling Uncertainty Reduce uncertainty for others in the firm Being Irreplaceable Develop valuable special knowledge or skills Being in a Central Position Have decision-making control over the firm’s crucial activities and resources Generating Resources
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