Lecture 8 - HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL IN MODERN TIMES II PRIMARY...

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Lecture 8: Aristotle’s Theory of Rhetoric I. REVIEW OF INTRO TO ARISTOTLE ON RHETORIC A. TWO REALMS OF "REALITY" 1. THE REALM OF "SCIENTIFIC TRUTH" (AKIN TO PLATO’S “FORMS”) a. FIRST PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, MATHEMATICS, GEOMETRY, LOGIC; UNIVERSAL, NECESSARY, IMMUTABLE b. KNOWLEDGE OF THESE (THROUGH NOUS ) AND OF WHAT FOLLOWS LOGICALLY FROM THEM IS SOPHIA (SPECULATIVE WISDOM) 2. THE REALM OF "PRACTICAL TRUTH" a. CONCERNS MATTERS OF OPINION, WHAT MAY BE OTHERWISE b. PARTICULAR RATHER THAN UNIVERSAL; CONTINGENT RATHER THAN IMMUTABLE; PROBABLE RATHER THAN CERTAIN c. KNOWABLE THROUGH EXPERIENCE AND PRACTICAL REASONING d. SKILL IN PRACTICAL REASONING, UNDERSTANDING HOW THINGS WORK IN THE PRACTICAL REALM, IS PHRONĒSIS (PRACTICAL WISDOM) B. ARISTOTLE'S THEORY OF RHETORIC (OVERVIEW) 1. RHETORIC OPERATES IN THE REALM OF OPINION, THE PRACTICAL, THE UNCERTAIN, THE PROBABLE AND CONTINGENT, THE PARTICULAR 2. ARISTOTLE PRESENTS THE FIRST SYSTEMATIC, PHILOSOPHICALLY GROUNDED, COMPREHENSIVE THEORY OF RHETORIC IN WESTERN HISTORY 3.
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Unformatted text preview: HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL IN MODERN TIMES II. PRIMARY ELEMENTS OF ARISTOTLE’S THEORY A. SYSTEMATIC ACCOUNT OF HOW RHETORIC WORKS (RESPONSIVE TO MOST OF PLATO’S REQUIREMENTS FOR A “TRUE ART”) B. RHETORIC IS THE COUNTERPART ( ANTISTROPHOS ) OF DIALECTIC C. RHETORIC DEFINED AS “THE POWER/CAPACITY ( DYNAMIS ) OF SEEING OR OBSERVING ( THEORESAI ) IN ANY PARTICULAR CASE THE AVAILABLE MEANS OF PERSUASION.” D. THREE SPECIES OF RHETORIC 1. DELIBERATIVE SPEECH IN ASSEMBLY (LEGISLATIVE CONTEXT) 2. JUDICIAL SPEECH IN THE COURTROOM 3. “ EPIDEIKTIC” SPEECH— CEREMONIAL DISCOURSE IN PUBLIC CEREMONIES E. THREE MODES OF ARTISTIC PROOF ( ENTECHNOS PISTIS ) 1. LOGOS —ARGUMENT, REASONING, DEMONSTRATION 2. PATHOS —EMOTION, PASSION 3. ETHOS —TRUST, CHARACTER, CREDIBILITY RESPONSE PAPER DUE FRIDAY, SEPT. 28: ARISTOTLE’S RHETORIC HAS BEEN DESCRIBED AS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PLATO’S REQUIREMENTS FOR A “TRUE ART.” IN WHAT WAYS IS THIS AN ACCURATE AND AN INACCURATE DESCRIPTION?...
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