Terms and Concepts for Final

Terms and Concepts for Final - Sophists First teachers of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sophists First teachers of rhetoric No universal truth Thought persuasion was a good thing Protagoras (man is measure of all things) Persuade people what is true at that moment Plato He didn’t like the Sophists Thought that there was 1 absolute truth Thought persuasion was dangerous Isocrates Use rhetoric for common good Vita active: use rhetoric Emphasized broad liberal arts education Thought sophist taught rhetoric to use for personal gain Aristotle Scientific realm vs. practical realm Student of Plato Rhetoric is practical realm “Power/capacity to see/believe in each particular case the available means of persuasion” Used rhetoric for common good Cicero: vita active (discover rhetoric); vita contemplative (think about it, Cicero disagrees w/ it) St. Augustine Use rhetoric for church St. Augustine’s three uses of rhetoric Discover truth (scripture) Teach these truths to others Defend truth (faith) from non believers St. Augustine’s three goals of rhetoric Cleanse the mind of error (to teach) To communicate divine truth (to please) To encourage life according to the Gospel (to move) Three modes of artistic proof (logos/pathos/ethos) Logos- reasoning Enthymeme: rhetorical form of deductive reasoning Example: dialectical induction; something is true in a sample, so it’s true for the whole population; draw a conclusion after an observation w/a general belief Ethos- credibility Pathos- emotional Enthymeme versus syllogism Enthymeme : Socrates is a man, therefore Socrates is mortal; deductive reasoning, logic. Lets audience fill in the blank Syllogism : Socrates is a man, all men are mortal, therefore Socrates is mortal; it has all the parts to the claim, including the assumptions
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Forensic/epideictic/deliberative rhetoric Forensic/Judicial- the past; courtroom, legal issues Epideictic- present; opportunity for an orator to display its communicative virtuosity, used at funerals, weddings, graduations, births…. Deliberative- future; oratory, policy making in a legislative body Stasis system- Cicero discusses this system, which is a struggle or stopping point. An aspiring rhetorician could learn the skill of analyzing a case by dividing the debate into the likely issues of conflict, or stopping points. For example, in legal disputes there are issues of fact that involve questions such as “What occurred?” or “When did it occur?” The issues of fact would become a point of potential clash between two sides arguing the case, a point at which agreements would “stop” and arguments on both sides would be advanced. Medieval Period 3 uses of rhetoric: preaching, letter writing, poetry 5 canons it focuses on style Invention Arrangement Style Memory Delivery Renaissance, Enlightenment Period Explosion of scientific theory There was a name given to the scientists/scholars who worked during the enlightenment who used science to conquer the world. We can use science to control our surroundings.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 6

Terms and Concepts for Final - Sophists First teachers of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online